Bernie Sanders

mr. sanders: right. we are following that issue very closely as far as where we allocate resources and my time. i think we have a good shot in colorado, a good shot in minnesota, a good shot in massachusetts, and i think we look pretty good in oklahoma. the last poll, in vermont, 180%.... textmr. sanders: mr. president, i ask unanimous consent to address the senate up to 15mr. sanders: good evening. i am running for president of the united states because it is too late for establishment politics and establishment economics. i'm running for president because our economy is rigged because working people are working longer hours for lower wages, and almost all of new wealth and income being created is going to the top 1%. i'm running for president because i'm going to create an economy that works for working families not just billionaires. i'm running for president because we have a campaign finance system which is corrupt, where billionaires are spending hundreds of millionaires of dollars to buy candidates who will represent their interests rather than the middle class and working families. i'm running because we need to address the planetary crisis of climate change and take on the fossil-fuel industry and transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to energy efficiency and sustainable energy. i'm running for president because i want a new foreign policy, one that takes on isis, one that destroys isis, but one that does not get us involved in perpetual warfare in the quagmire of the middle east but rather works around a major coalition of wealthy and powerful nations supporting muslim troops on the ground. that's the kind of coalition we need, and that's the kind of coalition i will put together. the dnc has hired vendors. on two occasions, there were breeches in information two months ago. our staff found information on our computers from the clinton campaign. and when our staffers said, "whoa, what's going here?" they went to the dnc quietly. they went to the vendor and said, "hey, something is wrong," and that was quietly dealt with. none of that information was looked at. our staff at that point did exactly the right thing. a few days ago a similar incident happened. there was a breach because the dnc vendor screwed up, information came to our campaign. in this case, our staff did the wrong thing. they looked at that information. as soon as we learned that they looked at that information we , fired that person. we are now doing an independent internal investigation to see who else was involved. thirdly, what i have a real problem with, and you mentioned this is a problem. i recognize it as a problem. but what the dnc did arbitrarily without discussing it with us is shut off our access to our information crippling our , campaign. that is an egregious act. i'm glad that late last night, that was resolved. fourthly, i look forward to working with secretary clinton for an investigation, an independent investigation, about all of the breaches that have occurred from day one in this campaign, because i am not convinced that information from our campaign may not have ended up in her campaign. don't know that. but we need an independent investigation, and i hope secretary clinton will agree with me for the need of that. last point. when we saw the breach two months ago, we didn't go running to the media and make a big deal about it. and it bothers me very much that, rather than working on this issue to resolve it, it has become many press releases from the clinton campaign later.... text thing. mr. sanders: yes. i apologize. clinton -- and i hope we can work together on an independent investigation from day one -- i want to apologize to my supporters. this is not the type of campaign that we run. and if i find anybody else involved in this, they will also be fired.... text in. mr. sanders: let me agree with governor o'malley, and let me agree with secretary clinton. you know, we had this incident before, secretary, with your famous e-mails. right? and what i said and i think what governor o'malley is saying, and i hope you say, is when the middle class of this country is disappearing, when we have massive income and wealth inequality, when we're the only major country on earth not guaranteeing health care to all people, all of the issues that the governor talked about, the secretary talked about, those are the issues. media notwithstanding. those are the issues that the american people want discussed. i hope those are the issues we'll discuss.... text mr. sanders: i'm one of the 77%. i think this is a very difficult issue. and let me agree with much of what the secretary and the governor have said. let me tell you what i think we have got to do. i think it's a two-pronged issue. number one, our goal is to crush and destroy isis. what is the best way to do it? well, i think there are some differences of opinion here, perhaps between the secretary and myself. i voted against the war in iraq because i thought unilateral military action would not produce the results that were necessary and would lead to the kind of unraveling and instability that we saw in the middle east. i do not believe in unilateral american action. i believe in action in which we put together a strong coalition of forces, major powers and the muslim nations. i think one of the heroes in a real quagmire out there, in a dangerous and difficult world, one of the heroes who we should recognize in the middle east is king abdullah ii of jordan. this small country has welcomed in many refugees. and abdullah said something recently, very important. he said, "yes, international terrorism is by definition an international issue, but it is primarily an issue of the muslim nations who are fighting for the soul of islam. we the muslims should lead the effort on the ground." and i believe he is absolutely right.... text buying a gun? mr. sanders: it's a country in which people choose to buy guns. i think half of the -- more than half of the people in my own state of vermont, my guess here in new hampshire, are gun owners. that's the right of people. but this is what i do believe. i believe that when we have some 300 million guns in this country, i believe that when we have seen these horrific mass killings, not only in san bernardino but in colorado and movie theaters in colorado, i think we have got to bring together the vast majority of the people, who do in fact believe in sensible gun safety regulations. for example, talking about polls, a poll recently came out, overwhelming majority of the american people say we should strengthen the instant background check. who denies that it is crazy -- guns who are criminals or are mentally unstable? we've got to eliminate the gun show loophole. in my view, we have got to see that weapons designed by the military to kill people are not in the hands of civilians. i think there is a consensus. in agreement. it's a divided country on guns. but there is a broad consensus on sensible gun safety regulations that i, coming from a state that has virtually no gun control, will do my best to bring together.... text mr. sanders: whoa, whoa, whoa. let's calm down a little bit, am telling the truth. mr. sanders: first of all, let's have some rules here, commentators. david: but let me just establish that for you, senator. really quickly, governor, we are going to call on you tonight, and it's very clear you have a lot to say, but please wait until you're called upon. and senator, he invoked your record and i'll let you respond.... text mr. sanders: he sure did. mr. sanders: sure did. all right. first off, we can do all the great speeches we want but you're not going to succeed unless there is a consensus. in 1988, just to set the record straight governor, i ran for the u.s. house. we have one house member from vermont, three candidates in the race. one candidate said, you know what, i don't think it's a great idea that we sell automatic weapons in this country that are used by the military to kill people very rapidly. gun people said, there were three candidates in the race, "you vote for one of the others, but not bernie sanders." i lost that election by three percentage points. quite likely, for that reason. so please, do not explain to me, coming from a state where democratic governors and republican governors have supported virtually no gun control. do not tell me that i have not shown courage in standing up to the gun people, in voting to ban assault weapons, voting for instant background checks, voting to end the gun-show loop hole, and now we're in a position to create a consensus in america on gun safety. suspicious activity, you report it. that's kind of a no-brainer. you know, somebody is loading guns and ammunition into a house, i think it's a good idea to call 911. do it. secretary clinton i think made some interesting and good points. what you have now is a very dangerous moment in american history. the secretary is right. our people are fearful. they are anxious on a number of levels. they are anxious about international terrorism and the possibility of another attack on america. we all understand that. but you know what else they're anxious about? they're anxious about the fact that they are working incredibly long hours, they're worried about their kids, and they're seeing all the new income and wealth -- virtually all of it -- going to the top 1%. and they're looking around them, and they're looking at washington, and they're saying, "the rich are getting much richer. i'm getting poorer. what are you going to do about it? what are you going to do for my kids?" and somebody like a trump comes along and says, "i know the answers. the answer is that all of the mexicans, they're criminals and rapists. we've got to hate the mexicans. those are your enemies. we hate all the muslims, because all of the muslims are terrorists. we've got to hate the muslims." meanwhile, the rich get richer. so what i say to those people who go to donald trump's rallies, understand -- he thinks a low minimum wage in america is a good idea. he thinks low wages are a good idea. i believe we stand together to address the real issues facing this country, not allow them to divide us by race or where we come from. let's create an america that works for all of us, not the handful on top. includes equal -- got it. all right. mr. sanders: yeah. mr. sanders: and i also voted and helped lead the effort against the war in iraq, which will go down in history as one of the worst foreign blunders -- foreign policy blunders in the history of our country. i voted against the first gulf war, which set the stage, i believe, for the second iraq war. and what i believe right now, and i believe this is terribly important, is the united states of america cannot succeed, or be thought of as the policeman of the world, that when there's an international crisis all over the world, in france and in the u.k., or, hey, just call up the american military and the american taxpayers. they're going to send the troops. and if they have to be in the middle east for 20 or 30 years, no problem.... text mr. sanders: i have a problem with that, martha. what i believe has got to happen is there must be an international coalition, including russia, a well-coordinated effort. but i agree, as i mentioned a moment ago, with king abdullah. this is a war for the soul of islam. the troops on the ground should not be american troops. they should be muslim troops. i believe that countries like saudi arabia and qatar have got to step up to the plate, have got to contribute the money that we need and the troops that we need to destroy isis with american support.... text mr. sanders: my plan is to make it work, to tell saudi arabia that instead of going to war in yemen, they, one of the wealthiest countries on earth, are going to have to go to war against isis. to tell qatar that instead of spending $200 billion on the world cup, maybe they should pay attention to isis, which is at their doorstep. our differences are fairly deep on this issue. we disagreed on the war in iraq. we both listened to the information from bush and cheney. i voted against the war. but i think -- and i say this with due respect -- that i worry too much that secretary clinton is too much into regime change and a little bit too aggressive without knowing what the unintended consequences might be. yes, we could get rid of saddam hussein, but that destabilized the entire region. yes, we could get rid of gadhafi, a terrible dictator, but that created a vacuum for isis. yes, we could get rid of assad tomorrow, but that would create another political vacuum that would benefit isis. so i think, yeah, regime change is easy, getting rid of dictators is easy, but before you do that, you've got to think about what happens the day after. and in my view what we need to do is put together broad coalitions to understand that we're not going to have a political vacuum filled by terrorists, that, in fact, we are going to move steadily -- and maybe slowly -- toward democratic societies, in terms of assad, a terrible dictator. but i think in syria the primary focus now must be on destroying isis and working over the years to get rid of assad. that's the secondary issue.... text mr. sanders: i was not the secretary of state -- mr. sanders: i happen to think -- mr. sanders: secretary clinton is right. this is a complicated issue. i don't think anyone has a magical solution. but this is what i do believe. yes, of course, assad is a terrible dictator. but i think we have got to get our foreign policies and priorities right. the immediate -- it is not assad who is attacking the united states. it is isis. and isis is attacking france and attacking russian airliners. the major priority, right now, in terms of our foreign and military policy should be the destruction of isis. and i think -- and i think we bring together that broad coalition, including russia, to help us destroy isis. and work on a timetable to get rid of assad, hopefully through democratic elections. first priority, destroy isis.... text mr. sanders: david -- mr. sanders: secretary -- syria. mr. sanders: could i just say -- just say is a vacuum. mr. sanders: can i just say this -- mr. sanders: of course the united states must lead. but the united states is not the policeman of the world. the united states must not be involved in perpetual warfare in the middle east. the united states, at the same time, cannot successfully fight assad and isis. isis, now, is the major priority. let's get rid of assad later. let's have a democratic syria. but the first task is to bring countries together to destroy isis.... text mr. sanders: first of all, we recognize that we have a rigged economy, as you've indicated. middle class in this country for the last 40 years has been disappearing. are we better of today then we were when bush left office? absolutely. but as you've indicated for millions of american workers, people in new hampshire -- all over america, they're working longer hours for lower wages deeply worried about their kids. so what do we do? the first statement we make is we tell the billionaire class, "they cannot have it all." for a start, they're going to start to pay their fair share of taxes. second of all what we do, is you raise the minimum wage to living wage, 15 bucks an hour over the next several years. next thing we do, pay equity for women workers. women should not be making 79 cents on the dollar compared to men. next thing that we do, real unemployment -- official unemployment 5%, real employment 10%, youth unemployment off the charts. we rebuild our crumbling furthermore, in a competitive global economy, it is imperative that we have the best educated workforce in the world. that is why i'm going to have a tax on wall street speculation to make certain that public colleges and universities in america are tuition free. have a difference. the ceo's of large multinationals may like hillary. they ain't going to like me and wall street is going to like me even less. than when we bailed them out because they are too big to fail, we've got to re-establish glass-steagall, we have got to break the large financial institutions up.... text mr. sanders: so i don't think -- whole lot of campaign contributions from wall street. i don't have a super pac. i don't want campaign contributions from corporate america.... text mr. sanders: let me just -- let me just -- mr. sanders: let me just jump in. my name was invoked. words. you have gotten a whole lot of money over the years from wall street. but most importantly, when you look at what happened in the 1990s, go to berniesanders.com. i'll advertise my web site as well. a member of the house financial committee against alan greenspan, against a guy named bill clinton, maybe you know him, maybe you don't. would be a great idea to merge investor banks and commercial banks and large insurance companies. what a brilliant idea that would be. go to youtube. find out what i said to greenspan. at the end of the day, if teddy roosevelt were alive today, and the governor makes a good point about trade, anti-trade, anti-monopoly activities. wall street today has too much political power. it has too much economic power. to get deregulated -- listen to this, they spent $5 billion in lobbying and campaign contributions over a 10-year period.... text mr. sanders: wall street is a threat to the economy. they've got to be broken up. let me say this. as a member of the health education committee that helped write the affordable care act, much of what secretary clinton said about what we have done, among other things, ending the obscenity of this pre-existing situation is a step forward. this seventeen more million more people have health care. it is a step forward. a step forward. but this is what we also have to say. not only are deductibles rising, 29 million americans still have no health insurance and millions of people can't afford to go to the doctor. major crisis and primary health care. here is the bottom line. why is it that the united states of america today is the only major country on earth that does not guarantee health care to all people as a right? why is it -- drug companies are bribing the united states congress. we need to pass a medicare for all single payer system. it will lower the cost of health care for a middle-class family by thousands of dollars a year.... text mr. sanders: but they will not be paying, martha, any private insurance. so it's unfair to say in total -- even if you were -- mr. sanders: i can tell you that adding up the fact you're not paying any private insurance, businesses are not paying any private insurance. the average middle-class family will be saving thousands of dollars a year.... text mr. sanders: and universities. mr. sanders: well, neil, i think we've got to work on a two-pronged approach. and your point is absolutely well taken. the cost of college education is escalating a lot faster than the cost of inflation. there are a lot of factors involved in that. and that is that we have some colleges and universities that are spending a huge amount of money on fancy dormitories and on giant football stadiums. maybe we should focus on quality education with well-paid faculty members. but -- lot of vice presidents who earn a big salary. but, bottom line is this is the year 2015. if we are going to be competitive in the global economy, we need the best educated workforce. it is insane to my mind, hundreds of thousands of young people today, bright qualified people, cannot go to college because they cannot afford -- their families cannot afford to send them. millions coming out of school as you indicated, deeply in debt. what do we do? my proposal is to put a speculation tax on wall street, raise very substantial sums of money, not only make public colleges and universities tuition-free, but also substantially lower interest rates on student debt. you have families out there paying 6%, 8%, 10% on student debt, refinance their homes at 3%. what sense is that? so i think we need radical changes in the funding of higher education. we should look at college today the way high school was looked at 60 years ago. all young people who have the ability should be able to get a college education. clinton is wrong. as you know, because i know you know a lot about health care. you know that the united states per capita pays far and away more than other country. and it is unfair simply to say how much more the program will cost without making sure that people know that, we are doing away with cost of private insurance and that the middle class will be paying substantially less for health care on the single payer than on the secretary's clinton proposal. -- important economic reality of today is that over the last 30 years, there has been a transfer of trillions of dollars from the middle class to the top one-tenth of 1% who are seeing a doubling of the percentage of wealth that they own. now, when secretary clinton says, "i'm not going raise taxes on the middle class," let me tell you what she is saying. she is disagreeing with fdr on social security, lbj on medicare and with the vast majority of progressive democrats in the house and the senate, who today are fighting to end the disgrace of the united states being the only major country on earth that doesn't provide paid family and medical leave. what the legislation is is $1.61 a week. now, you can say that's a tax on the middle class. it will provide three months paid family and medical leave for the working families of this country. i think, secretary clinton, $1.61 a week is a pretty good invest.... text mr. sanders: david, thank you. mr. sanders: then friend, kirsten gillibrand, rosa delauro, got ears to legislation out there that will finally provide family and medical leave.... text mr. sanders: well, this whole issue concerns me. and i agree with much of what the secretary and the governor have said. but let's be clear. today in america we have more people in jail than any other country on earth, 2.2 million people. predominantly african-american and hispanic. we are spending $80 billion a year locking up our fellow americans. i think, and this is not easy, but i think we need to make wage a major effort, to come together as a country and end institutional racism. we need major, major reforms of a very broken criminal justice system. now, what does that mean? well, for a start it means that police officers should not be shooting unarmed people, predominantly african-americans. war on drugs which has destroyed the lives of millions of people, which is why i have taken marijuana out of the controlled substance act. so that it will not be a federal crime. that is why we need to make -- a former mayor. i was a mayor for eight years, worked very closely with a great police department. and what we did is try to move that department toward community policing, so that the police officers become part of the community and not, as we see, in some cities an oppressive force. we need to make police departments look like the communities they serve in terms of diversity. we need to end minimal sentencing. we need, basically, to pledge that we're going to invest in this country, in jobs and education, not more jails and incarceration. hampshire. it is a tragedy for my state of vermont. it is a tragedy all over this country. the number of heroin deaths are growing very, very significantly. what do we do? well, for a start, this may seem like a radical idea, but i think we have got to tell the medical profession and doctors who are prescribing opiates and the pharmaceutical industry that they have got to start getting their act together, we cannot have this huge number of opiates out there throughout this country, where young people are taking them, getting hooked, and then going to heroin. second of all, and the reason i believe in a health care for all program, we need to understand that addiction is a disease, not a criminal activity. seeking help, they should not have to wait three, four months in order to get that help. they should be able to walk in the door tomorrow and get a variety of treatments that work for them. so those are some of the areas that i think we've got to move on.... text martha: senator sanders. mr. sanders: look, the secretary is right. this is a terribly complicated issue. there are no simple solutions. but where we have a disagreement is that i think if you look at the history of regime changes, you go back to mossadegh in iran, you go back to salvador allende who we overthrew in chile, you go back to overthrowing saddam hussein in iraq, you go back to where we are today in syria with a dictator named assad. the truth is it is relatively easy for a powerful nation like america to overthrow a dictator but it is very hard to predict the unintended consequences and the turmoil and the instability that follows after you overthrow that dictator. so i think secretary clinton and i have a fundamental disagreement. i'm not quite the fan of regime change that i believe she is.... text mr. sanders: given the fact that she's a lot smarter than me, yes, she would. who i thought not only did an outstanding job as our first lady, but redefined what that role could be. so, i thank you very much for that. home and received the kind of love that they desperately needed. and she turned around many lives. she is the best parent and grandmother that i know. she has devoted her life, when i was mayor of the city of burlington, actually when i first met her, we started a youth office, which started a after-school programs for kids, started a child care center, started a youth newspaper. we got the kids involved in a whole lot of issues. she led that effort. so i think, at a time when so many of our kids are desperately looking for constructive activity, where too many of our kids are hanging around on street corners, potentially getting into trouble, i think we need a forceful advocate for the children, for teenagers, for the little children, to deal with the dysfunctional child care system, and i think my wife would do a great job in helping me accomplish those goals.... text mr. sanders: well, thank you very much for hosting this debate, and let me applaud my colleagues up here. because i think frankly, maybe i'm wrong, but on our worst day, i think we have a lot more to offer the american people than the right wing's extremists. interest in the need for immigration reform because i know what it's like to be the son of an immigrant. we grew up in a three-and-a-half-room, rent controlled apartment in brooklyn, new york. my mother's dream -- and she died very young, but my mother's dream for her whole life was to be able to get out of that rent-controlled apartment and own a home of her own. she never lived to see that. but what my parents did accomplish is they were able to send both of their sons to college. we were the first in the family. so i know something about economic anxiety and living in a family does not have sufficient income. and that is why i am pledged, if elected president of the united states, to bring about a political revolution where millions of people begin to stand up and finally say enough is enough, this great country and our government belong to all of us, not just a handful of billionaires. thank you very much.mr. sanders: if you think back to 2007 during the campaign in which secretary clinton ran against barack obama -- she was critical of him. would you sit down and talk to the iranians and he said yes, i would. point being you talk to your adversaries. you'd don't run away from them. secretary clinton called him naive but it turns out obama was right. clearly, we have many issues with iran, but we want to improve our relationship with this powerful country. the agreement to make certain iran does not get a nuclear weapon was a huge step forward. the fact we had this prisoner... textmr. sanders: madam president?winning those two caucuses, we would like to take you now to an event in warren, michigan, from earlier today, with bernie sanders. this is about one hour. he has said it all. but i will try. what i'm going to try to do tonight is something very radical in american politics. i'm going to tell you the truth. the truth is not always pleasant , and i wish i could come before you and tell you everything is great, don't worry about anything. but if i told you that, i would be lying to you. so what i have to do as a candidate for president is to be honest with you, because i believe that if we have the courage to look our problems right in the face and if we don't bury them, we can address them, we can resolve them. there? you all know about them. we've got to bring them up. number one. mr. sanders: you know what, i was just going to say that. me a little bit of time here. you jumped the gun. the gentleman just hit the nail on the head. look, i'm the former chairman of the u.s. that -- u.s. senate committee on foreign affairs. i will continue as president to do everything i can to protect the men and women who have put their lines on the line to defend us. look out at these people, some of them who came home without legs or arms, they put their lives on the line to defend american democracy. and i worry very much about what is going on in american democracy today. and at the top of my list is the need to overturn this disastrous citizens united supreme court decision. out and you can agree with me, you can disagree with me, you can vote for me, you can vote against me. that's all democracy. what democracy is not about is about billionaires buying elections.... text mr. sanders: in this election it has been estimated that the koch brothers and a few other billionaires -- you know about the koch brothers. smart group of people. ok. koch brothers and a few other billionaires will spend approximately $900 million to buy this election for candidates who are going to represent the wealthy and the powerful. when you have -- when you have one family and a few other billionaires spending more money in an election than the entire democratic party or republican party, that is not democracy. that is oligarchy and we are going to stop that. this is one of those differences. and i'll tell you why. secretary clinton has a number of super pacs. one of her super pacs recently reported that they raised $25 million from special interests, $15 million from wall street alone. now, every candidate in the history of the world, democrat, republican, when they receive huge amounts of money from wall street, or the drug companies, or the fossil fuel industries, what they always say, not going to impact me. and our question is, if it's not going to impact their decisions, why would wall street be spending $15 million? receiving huge amounts of money. second point with secretary clinton. as some of you know she has given a number of speeches behind closed doors to wall street. in fact, she has been paid $225,000 per speech. now, i kind of think if you're going to be paid $225,000 for a speech, it must be a fantastic speech. all right. second issue that we talk about in this campaign is not just the corrupt campaign finance system. it is a rigged economy. now, what do we mean by a rigged economy? what we mean is that for a start, millions of people in the middle class, working people, today are working longer hours for lower wages. ok? is that true? being paid less. in my state, i'm sure it's true in michigan, we got people working one job, two jobs, three jobs, trying to cobble together enough income and health care to take care of their families. you got mom working. you got dad working. you got kids working. we are working the longest hours of any people in the industrialized world. did you all know that? we work longer. the japanese are very hard-working people. we work longer hours per year than the japanese do. and -- i'm going to get to that. in a minute. work such long hours? marriages suffer. because dad is here. mom's there. there's stress and tension in the family. kids do not get the attention that they deserve. because both parents are working, right? now, at the end of the all of that, 58% of all new income generated today goes to the top 1%. that is what a part of what a rigged economy is about. you work longer hours for low wages. almost all new income and wealth goes to the people on top. let me give you another example of a rigged economy. you know, my republican colleagues, governor norse, all over the country, they talk about welfare abuse. about all those poor people ripping off the welfare system, right? all right. i want to talk to you -- i do want to talk to you about welfare abuse but in a slightly different way than the republicans. i want to tell you which family in america receives more welfare than anybody else? ness a brilliant add -- this is a brilliant audience. we're going to win here in michigan. to say. you know the answers to my questions. what do i have to say? all right. here's the story. and this is important to understand. because this is what a rigged economy is about. it turns out that the walton family that owns wal-mart is the wealthiest family in america. i think they have $60 billion or $70 billion in wealth. they're doing pretty good. but they pay their wal-mart workers wages that are so low that many of their employees have to go on medicaid, food stamps, or subsidized housing, right? who do you think pays for the food stamps, medicaid -- you do. so on behalf of the walton family, i want to thank you very much. you are very nice people to help subsidize -- they're very grateful tore this. -- for this. but the truth is that now is the time for the walton family, the richest family in america, to get off of welfare, pay their workers a living wage. start thinking outside of the box, outside of the status quo. outside of what television wants you to believe are your options. you know, the corporate media that go on 24 hours a day, seven days a week, they talk about everything except the issues most important to the american people. and here's one of those issues. we have to ask ourselves why in america, the wealthiest country in the history of the world, why do we have more people in jail than any other country on earth? and the people in jail are disproportionately african-american, latino, native americans. we have right now youth unemployment that is off the charts. we don't talk about it much. but i want you to know we did a study on this, and economists did a study for me, for kids between 17 and 20, they're white, real unemployment, 33%. latino 36%. african-american 51%. if anyone in this room, if anyone here tonight does not see the connection between this outrageously high rate of youth unemployment and the fact that we have so many people in jail, you're missing something very important. so here is -- here is a radical idea. are you ready for a radical idea? we go to the issue at great length. but i want to mention other points. it turns out the so-called war op drugs -- on drugs has failed and has resulted in millions and millions of people over a 30-year period getting criminal records and a whole lot of people ending up in jail with their lives ruined. right now, right now, under the federal controlled substance act, marijuana is listed as a schedule one drug alongside of heroin. you know, scientists are arguing, you know, the pluses and minuses of marijuana. but nobody believes that marijuana is equivalent to heroin. so what we have proposed, and i've introduced legislation to do this, is to take marijuana out of the federal controlled substance act. federal crime. and here is the racial aspect of that. it turns out that according to studies, the white community and the black community do marijuana at about equal rates. but blacks end up being arrested four times more than whites for possession of marijuana. and when we talk about reforming the criminal justice system, it means police department reform as well. i am a former mayor, burlington, vermont, and i work very closely with the police. the vast majority of police officers in this country are honest, hard-working, and they have an enormously difficult job. the country. we have got to make police departments look like the diversity of the communities they are serving. we have got to do away with minimal sentencing so that we give judges more discretion on how to propose sentences. let me tell you something else. in my state of vermont, new hampshire is right next to us, and i know across this country, we have a major, major crisis in opiate addiction and in heroin addiction. in a small state like new hampshire, they're losing one person per day from heroin overdose. what we have got to do is begin addressing this epidemic as a health issue, not a criminal issue. and what that means is we have to greatly expand mental health facilities all over this country. not have to wait two months to get in the door. now, let me take a moment to discuss some other disagreements between myself and secretary clinton. i mentioned that we raise money in very different ways. when i began this campaign, we had to make a decision. unfortunately, in the real world, it takes hundreds of millions of dollars to run for president of the united states. maybe even more than that. maybe over $1 billion. that's a huge amount of money. yuge. i know. i can't use the word yuge anymore. money? virtually all candidates do it the way secretary clinton does it. you have a super pac and go to wall street and pour millions of dollars in our campaigns. thank you very much. we chose to do it a different way and went to the working class of this country and say you want real change in this country and want a candidate who's going to stand up to the billionaires and wall street, we need your help. and this is what's happened over the last 10 months. in a million years, when i began this campaign, i never, ever, would have predicted this could happen. but it's happened -- we have -- thank you. what has --... text mr. sanders: what has happened, this is revolutionary, when i speak after political revolution we've already accomplished this. we have received almost five million individual contributions. anybody -- anybody here know if the average contribution is? ds 27. -- $27. and this is revolutionary. so instead of having a campaign dependent on the drug companies and wall street and the fossil fuel industry and billionaires, we are depending on the working families of america and i appreciate that. to paraphrase abraham lincoln at gettysburg, this is a campaign of the people, by the people, and for the people. but the difference is that i have with secretary clinton, go beyond how we raise money. there is an enormously important issue and the media doesn't deal with it at all. too important to be dealt with by the media. and that is the issue of trade. now, i know -- i know trade is not a sexy issue. it is not. i know that. media pays no attention to it at all. but here is what it amounts to. 30 or 40 years ago this country began entering into what i considered then disastrous trade agreements, written by corporate america and the bigger money interests. what these agreements were about, that's called nafta and permanent normal trade relations with china and the colombian trade agreement and korean free trade agreement. all these free trade agreements were based on a certain basic premise and that premise from corporate america was the following -- why would they want to pay workers in michigan or illinois or ohio or vermont $25, $30 an hour, a living wage, a middle class wage, why would they want to negotiate with unions? why would they want to obey environmental laws when they can shut down in america, move to mexico, move to china, and exploit poor people all over the world? whove had a brain knew what these trade agreements were about and in the 1990's i was on the picket line with trade unionists in opposition. be true. since 2001, 60,000 factories in america have shut down. not all of it attributable to trade. but a lot of it. and regions, like the midwest, michigan, ohio, illinois, have been particularly hard hit. you have lost tens and tens of thousands of decent-paying jobs. corporations shut down, moved to china, moved to mexico. i voted, help lead the opposition against every one of these disastrous trade agreements. ourselves. and that is everybody here knows that foreign policy is a huge -- here we go again.... text yuge! senator sanders: is a very important part of what a president does. ok? and the reason for it is these are life and death issues. now, in 2002, when i was vermont's congressman, i listened very carefully to what president bush and vice president cheney and don rumsfeld -- yeah. you got it. anyhow, they told us that the reason why we have to invade iraq and etc. listen carefully. because i knew that the decisions that congress reached would result in some people in my own state not coming back alive. i listened very carefully. and i ended up not believing what they said. i voted against the war in iraq. heard the same information that i did. i was in the house. she voted for the war. and that war is -- as all of you know turned out to be one of the worst foreign policy disasters in the modern history of america. now, in addition, in the last debate that i had with secretary clinton, she said something that really kind of blew me away. she said that henry kissinger thought that she did a very good job -- can't believe -- you -- you know who henry kissinger is, right? and why one would look for approval from one of the worst, most destructive secretaries of state in the history of this country, i don't understand. that day comes, i know that i'll be doing something very wrong. now, the reason that our campaign is doing as well as it is, and we've come a long, long way, we started at 3% in the polls. and now we're closing in, some national polls actually have had us ahead. bernie! bernie!... text senator sanders: the reason that we are doing so well nationally and why i think we are going to win here in michigan -- we are listening to workers all over this country who tell me they cannot make it on $8 or $9 an hour.... text senator sanders: and that is why we are going to fight to end this absurd $7.25 minimum wage. and why -- why we are going -- good. you got it. why we're going to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour over the next few years. the media also. but all over this country, you got seniors and disabled veterans, 70, 80, 90 years of age trying to get by on $11,000 or $12,000 a year social security. and you know what? nobody can get by on $11,000 or $12,000 a year social security. our great nation is judged not by how many millionaires and billionaires it has but by how it treats the most vulnerable among us. now, my republican colleagues, if you can believe -- it really is hard to believe -- they want to cut social security benefits. well, i've got some bad news for them. not only are we not going to cut those benefits. we're going to raise social security benefits! promised. and we are going to give that to them. throughout this campaign, in state after state, we have been listening to young people. and what -- student debt? ok. and i've talked to people, i talked to the guy in iowa. had to drop out of college $60,000 in debt after two years. a woman in burlington, vermont, became a doctor. and for becoming a doctor she ended up $300,000 in debt. a dentist in iowa, $400,000 in debt. a guy in nevada has been paying off his student debt for 25 years. more -- more in debt today than he was when he took out that loan. now, what we have got to understand, and we got to think outside of the box. everybody here knows that education and learning is inherent in being a human being. right? people get all of the education that they need and they want. that's not a radical idea. we should not be punishing people for getting an education. we should be rewarding them. public education cannot just consist of first grade through 12th grade. that was a great idea historically. the world has changed. today, today, in many respects, a college degree is the equivalent of what high school degree was 50 years ago. you know, 50 years ago, somebody had a high school degree, they were doing really well. go out and get a great job. that is not the case today. that is why i believe that we have got to make public colleges and universities, tuition, free.senator sanders: thank you. president falwell. david. thank you very much for inviting my wife, jane and i to be with you even this morning. we appreciate the invitation very much. let me start off by acknowledging what i think all of you already know. that is the views that many here at liberty university have and i on a number of important issues. i believe in a woman's right to control her own body. marriage. -- i believe in gay rights and gay marriage. each other. now, in my view, and i say this as someone who voices his heart, i have given dozens of speeches in the last few months, it is easy to go out and talk to people who agree with you. i was in greensboro, north carolina just last night. we had 9000 people out. mostly they agreed with me. tonight we could have thousands out who agree with me. that's not hard to do. that's what politicians by and large do. we talked to people who agree with us. but it is harder. to try and communicate with those who do not agree with us on every issue.mr. sanders: i wish we could get bipartisan action on gun legislation. i think the american people have been horrified by the mass shootings we have seen over the last couple of years. we need to do away with the so-called gun show loophole, where people do not have to go through the instant background checks. martha, there is a wide consensus -- believe we should expand and strengthen the background check so that people who do not have guns, i.e. criminals or people with mental health issues should not own guns. i think that will be the right thing to do.... textsenator bernie sanders: thank you all very much. for inviting me, i'm looking at the teleprompter. unfortunately, there is nothing there. day-to-day work you are doing. in terms of job training, helping small businesses secure financing and contracts. and help providing families with counseling when they're trying to realize the american dream of home ownership. notthose are the few areas you have excelled in. my views are little bit different than others. i am the longest-serving independent in the history of united states congress. and i am running for president of the united states today within the democratic primary and caucus process. it is my belief from the bottom of my heart, and i would not be running for president if i thought otherwise, that given the enormous crises that this country faces today, crises that may be more severe than at any time since the great depression of the 1930's, that frankly it is too late for establishment policies. it is too late for establishment politics. it is too late for establishment economics. we need some new thinking, some bold thinking. is the way it is. we have the current to take them on. that is what this campaign is about. exactly right. save our cities, education, jobs, and justice. as i get into those themes, the first point i want to make, is perhaps the most important. i do understand that for some people, this is uncomfortable. but i believe it has to be addressed. and that is that the united states of america today is the wealthiest country in the history of the world. but most people do not know that because much of that wealth is concentrated in the hands of a few. today, in america, we have more wealth and income inequality then in any other major country on earth. it is worse today than at any time since 1928. to me, it is not acceptable that the top 1.10/10 of 1% owns almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. it is not acceptable that one family, family that owns walmart, owns more than the bottom 40%. it is not acceptable that in the last two years, the 14 wealthiest people solve their wealth increase -- more wealth that is owned by the bottom 130 million americans. the truth of the matter is, that we cannot run away from that reality. income and wealth inequality is the great moral issue of our time. it is the great economic issue of our time. it is the great social and political issue of our time. and together, we must address that issue. some of you may have heard, maybe you didn't. it didn't get a whole lot of press. a few days ago, former president jimmy carter described the american political system as corrupt. he described the united states as an oligarchy, with unlimited political bribery being the essence of getting the nomination for president or to elect the president. what he was talking about is the disastrous supreme court decision on citizens united. country, you already own much of the economy. now, we are going to give you the opportunity to buy the united states government. that decision is undermining the very foundations of american democracy. what manyen and women have fought to defend. you tell me, what it means when one family -- the koch brothers family, they will spend more money on this election cycle than either the democratic or republican party. they spend almost $1 billion to buy candidates will make the rich richer and everyone else poorer. that to me is not democracy. that is oligarchy, that is why we have to overturn this disastrous citizens united decision. talked about that you believe in will not take place when a handful of wealthy people are able to control our political system. now when we talk about education , i trust that all of you know -- as you do, that we live in a highly competitive, global economy. to my mind, it is insane -- and i use that word wisely. that we have hundreds of thousands of bright, young people, often minorities who have the desire, who have the ability to get a higher education and go to college. but they cannot go to college for the simple reason that their family cannot afford tuition. that is absurd. we need to have the best educated workforce in the world, and not tell hundreds of thousands of bright young people that they cannot make it into the middle class, that they cannot contribute as engineers, doctors, scientists. and that is why i have introduced legislation and will fight for it as president. to makevery eublic college and university in america tuition-free. the sixth grade will know that if they study hard, pay attention, do their school work, even if their parents -- like my parents, they did not go to college. even if the kids in the neighborhood did not go to college, they will be able to go to college because the income their families will not be a determining factor. this will revolutionize education. we talk about education, what we have to understand and be frank, the world has changed since the 1940's and 1950's. mom is in the workplace. dad is in the workplace. we need a first-class childcare pre-k system in this country. america. universal pre-k, well-paid teachers. let me say a word about jobs. you read every month that unemployment is 5.3%. that is a statistic. please know that that statistic is only one of many statistics the government releases on jobs. that statistic does not include those people who have given up looking for work, those people working part-time -- millions who want to work full-time. real unemployment is 10.5%. it is a crisis. and now let me tell you what very few people are talking about, which is an even greater crisis. and that is youth unemployment, which we do not talk about at all. i ask last month for a study from the economic policy institute. they came up with results the nobody is questioning. listen to this. if you are a white kid between 70-20 who graduates high school , you have a 33% unemployment rate. if you are an and hispanic kid, you have a 36% unemployment rate. if you are an african-american kid, 17-20 high school graduate, you have a 51% unemployment rate. that is unacceptable. that is turning our backs on an entire generation. and we must not allow that to continue. any other country, including china, one of the contributing factors is that we have 5.5 million young people -- in my state, your state without jobs, without education, hanging around on street corners doing bad things. it is my very strong opinion that it makes a lot more sense for us to be investing in jobs, education... textsenator sanders: and that is why i believe that we need legislation that makes it easier for workers to join unions, not harder. and we have introduced legislation that's pretty simple. it says that if you are in a bargaining unit and 50% of the workers in that unit plus one sign a card saying they want to belong to a union, they get a union. refuses to negotiate a first contract in a timely manner, that employer will be heavily penalized. that the people in this room do. it is no secret to anybody in america, whether you're in the state of vermont or whether you're in new york city, that our infrastructure is crumbling. and that means not just our roads, which are crumbling. not just our bridges. i was in flint, michigan, several months ago, and what i saw there was unspeakable in terms of a water system poisoning its children. but it's not just water systems, it's waste water plants. but it is levees, it is dams and mass transportation and our rail system and that is why i have introduced legislation and will implement, as president, a $1 trillion investment to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure. we need the best mass transportation system in the world. it is essential to our economy. millions of people in this city depend on a high-quality mass transportation system to get them to work. that's what the economy depends upon. but let me also say this is not just a major economic issue, which it certainly is. i'll tell you what it is also. i'm a member of the u.s. senate committee on the environment and anyone who tells you that climate change is not real, is not caused by human activity, is not already causing devastating harm to this planet, is lying to you. that's the simple truth. we have a moral responsibility to make sure that we leave this planet in a way that is healthy and habitable for our kids and future generations and one way we do that is to radically transform our transportation system, all over this country. we need great mass transit systems. we need a great rail system. we've got to invest in those systems and when we rebuild our crumbling infrastructure, by the way, when we rebuild our crumbling infrastructure, we create 13 million good paying jobs. trillion dollars, even in washington, that's a lot of money. how are you going to pay for that? let me tell you exactly how we will pay for that. we're going to end the outrageous loophole that allows large multinational corporations to put their money into the came cayman islands and other tax havens so that at the end of a given year after making billions of dollars in profit, they do not pay one nickel in a given year in federal taxes. we end that loophole. that's $100 billion a year we put right into our infrastructure so i think it makes a lot more sense for this country to rebuild our transit system, our rail systems, our infrastructure, than to give large, profitable corporations massive amounts of tax breaks. so after i leave here and i want to again thank you from the bottom of my heart. i believe we're going to win here in new york city. that we're going to win here in new york state. some of you may know we have won seven out of the last eight caucuses and primaries. we started this campaign 50, 60 points behind hillary clinton. in the last few weeks, there have been two national polls having us ahead of secretary clinton so we're on a roll and your support today is enormously important to taking us a step further. now, interestingly enough, to tell you what's going on in america today -- where's larry cohen. larry is the former head of the communications workers of america. larry, as soon as we leave here, we're going right over to a picket line with the c.w.a. to stand against the greed of verizon who wants to take away healthcare benefits, wants to outsource jobs after making billions in profits. that's the kind of corporate greed together we're going to take on. t.w.u., thank you so much for your support.... textwe have more on the road to the white house from senator bernie sanders. he is pursuing the democratic nomination. his comments are about 40 minutes. senator sanders: well it certainly sounds like people are ready for a political revolution. let me thank all of you not only for being here today but for the in norma work you do day after day, understanding that new hampshire plays a unique role in the political process. you are fighting that only to improve the lives of people in new hampshire, but people all over this country. and thank you very much for what you do. when i announced my candidacy 4.5 months ago, i think it is fair to say that a lot of people did not take our campaign terribly seriously. that is fair to say. it is also fair to say that in the last 4.5 months, change has taken place. seen as a campaign that is standing up for working americans and is prepared to take on the billionaire class. country, we have drawn some of the largest turnouts at our rallies. it is not just that we have over 400,000 people in this country who have made individual contributions to our campaign. loudly and proudly, i do not want their money. i do not want a super pac. we will do it on our own. when you have a super pac, you can walk into the room of millionaires and billionaires, and walk out with a heck of a lot of money. i get it. we will do it a different way. we will raise our funds from working people, averaging $31 a piece, and i am proud of that. about an old song, reminding you about an old union song. some of you remember it. which side are you on? do you remember that song? you are very lucky because i'm not going to sing that song to you. i can't sing, as some of you may know. i grew up in a working-class home in brooklyn, new york. we lived -- some transplants here, all right -- we lived in a 3.5 right controlled apartment. my family never had money. i knew from a very early age which side i am on. working families of our country, prepared to take on the powerful special interests which wield incredible power over our economy and our political life. that is what i did yesterday. that is what i did 25 years ago. that is what i will do tomorrow. tell you something that no other candidate for president will tell you, or perhaps, ever has told the american people. it is a simple truth. that is no president, not bernie sanders, not anybody else can bring about the enormous changes we need to rebuild our crumbling middle-class, to do all of the things we have to do for the elderly, the children, the sick, and the poor. we cannot do it. no president can do it alone, unless we have a political revolution. the political process. and, make it very clear that this great country, and our government, belonged to all of us, and not just a handful of billionaires and campaign contributors. people to stand together, to take on corporate america, to take on wall street, to take on the big money interests. that is what this campaign is about. in my view, the republicans did not win the last midterm elections. we lost those elections. huge tracts rakes -- tax breaks to millionaires and billionaires, and cut social security, medicare, medicaid, nutrition, and does not realize the reality of climate change. that is not what the american people voted for. what happened is we had a voter turnout that was worse than abysmal. millions of americans looked out and said, not for me, i'm not going to vote, i'm not going to participate in the political process. we lost that last election because voter turnout was low, and because all across this country, people are giving up on american democracy. let me be very clear. in my view, we will not retain the white house. we will not regain control of the senate. we will not gain the u.s. house, or be successful and dozens of governors races across america, unless we are the party that generates excitement, momentum, enthusiasm, and which produces a huge voter turnout. how do we do it? how to read generate the excitement -- how do we generate the excitement on the ground? how do we get those who are disillusioned back in the political process? how do we get young people involved? how do we get working-class republicans to stop voting against their own best interest? and we were losing 800,000 jobs a month and the world's financial system was on the verge of collapse. of coarse, we are much better off today. they also understand that for the last 40 years, under democratic and republican presidents, the great middle class of this country, once the envy of the world, has been disappearing. all over new hampshire, all over my state of vermont, all over america, despite an explosion of technology and worker productivity, you have millions of people working longer hours for lower wages. you have people in my state and your state not work in one job, working two jobs, working three jobs, just trying to cobble together an income that will sustain their families. today, we have almost four people living -- almost more people living in poverty than any time in american history. once the american people understand, and what we cannot run away from, and what we have to have the courage to address is while the middle class continues to disappear, almost all of the new income and wealth that is being generated is going to the top 1% , and that has got to end. matter what their political views are, believe it is morally acceptable or economically sustainable, when 1/10 of 1% of the american people have more wealth than the bottom 90%. very few people think that it is acceptable when you have people all over this country working so hard, long and crazy hours, parents can't stay home with their kids, they are working so many hours. yet, 50% of all new income generated today is going to the top 1%. that is not the economy that we need. which is prepared to stand up to the most powerful people in this country, and create a government -- i know this is a radical idea , but imagine having a government in washington that is not controlled by large campaign donors and corporate america, but which represents all of us. establishment, not one that is part of it. we need a movement which tells corporate america, and the wealthiest people in this country, that yes, they will start paying their fair share of taxes. stashing billions of dollars in profits in the cayman islands, bermuda, and other tax havens, while children and america go hungry. it ain't going to happen anymore. corporations are not going to continue to receive huge compensation packages an incredible pensions while at the same time they cut the wages, health care, and pensions of their workers. it is not going to continue to happen. no, we are not going to continue to have disastrous trade policies like nafta, calffta. with corporations shutting down plants in vermont, new hampshire, and traveling to other countries, and bringing their products back. we need to policies that create jobs in america, not just china. this disastrous transpacific partnership. when a bank is too big to fail, it is too big to exist. i have stood up to them for a very long time. but, whether they like it or not, we will reinstate glass-steagall. wage of $7.25 an hour is a starvation wage. we have to raise the minimum wage to a living wage, $15 per hour, over the next few years. women workers. $.78 on the dollar to men. when we have pay equity for women workers, when we praise the minimum wage to a living wage, millions of mothers will then be able to raise their kids with security and dignity. they deserve that. you ever hear that? oh, they just love families. you know, and i know, what they mean by family values. what they mean is that the women of america should not have the right to control their own bodies. i disagree. sisters should not have the right to marry. i disagree. jane and i have been married for 27 years. we believe in family values, but our values are just a little different than republican family values. we believe that the united states has got to end the international embarrassment of being the only major country on earth -- only one -- that does not guarantee paid family and medical leave. week or two weeks after birth. she has to run back to her job to earn income to sustain that family. that is not a family value. that is the opposite of what a family value is. and 1%. that is official unemployment. counting those people who have given up looking for work. real unemployment is over 10%. let me tell you something of huge consequence, which very few people talk about. that is the tragedy of youth unemployment. here are the facts. real youth unemployment -- if you are able white kid, high school graduate, 33%. hispanic, 36%. african american, 51%. we need a major jobs program to put our people back to work. and education for our again people than jails and incarceration. i want to replace it with the distinction of us having the best educated population on earth. i think most of you know it. today, the campaign finance system that we operate under his corrupt -- is corrupt. it is undermining american democracy. election -- more money than either the democrat party or republican party -- brothers and sisters, we are not about democracy. we are talking about oligarchy. together, we are going to overturn citizens united. united states senate, and i'm proud of that. it goes without saying that i have very large areas of disagreement with my republican colleagues. that is obvious. there is one area that goes beyond disappointment, and goes to embarrassment. some of you may have seen are just the other evening at the republican debate. the scientific community is virtually uni unanimous. there is very little debate. climate change is real and is already causing devastating problems in america and around the world. our republican colleagues are prepared to reject science. that is a dangerous situation for the most powerful country on earth. i will tell you something else. it is not that these guys are done. it is that they get their money from the fossil fuels industry. that is a shame. we can move to energy sufficiency. for the sake of our kids, that is what we have to do. comprehension. i don't understand it. i don't understand how, in an incredibly competitive global economy, hundreds of thousands of bright, qualified young people are unable to get into college, only for one reason. that is their families like the money. that is crazy. that is counter productive to the future of america. that is why i have introduced legislation and will fight for, as president, to make every public college and university in t this country tuition free. it is common economic sense to say, when young people or people of any age, need education, they should be able to get that education, regardless of the income of their family. americans are experiencing today in outrageously high student debt and outrageously high interest rates. now, to lower interest rates of student debt and provide free tuition at public universities and colleges -- that is in fact an expensive proposition. i will tell you how we will pay for. we will pay for based on a tax on wall street speculation. of this country. country together, it is not just the need for major criminal justice reform. i do not want to see kids' lives destroyed because of mandatory minimal sentencing. public official, the officer will be held accountable. become, we cannot forget that there are two great 11 million people in this country who are undocumented. in my view, we need comprehensive immigration reform and a path towards citizenship. i heard what they had to say. i did not believe it. if you go to youtube, my website, or somewhere. read what i said back then. i'm not happy. it does not made me happy to say this, but much of what i feared would happen, in terms of the destabilization of that region, did happen. what we have got to understand, and i speak to you as a former chairman of the veterans community -- veterans committee, someone who will ensure that our veterans get the health care and benefits that they need. and learned something about the cost of war. the terrible cost of war. not just the 6700 brave men and women who died in iraq and afghanistan. not just those who came home without legs, arms, and eyesight, but the 500,000 the quebec with post-traumatic stress disorder and somatic brain injury. and, the tens of thousands of families that have been disrupted in a way that they may never recover from. and, the children who have an hurt. and, the suicide. anybody who does not understand the cost of war should not be in the united states congress. and really hurts, to hear my colleagues talk so easily and loosely about getting into another war in iran. the president and secretary carry have worked long and hard for one simple goal. that is to present iran from getting a nuclear weapon. that is something we must do. when they have put together -- what they have put together is an agreement which allows us to accomplish that goal without going to war. i hope we all support that. that is think tbig, not small. don't get into the argument whether we should cut education by 2% or 4%. do not get into the debate about whether climate change is real or unreal. what i want you to think about is what we, in the wealthiest country in the history of the world, can accomplish. please do not tell me that, in the united states of america, we cannot join the rest of the industrialized world and guarantee health care to all people as rights. have a massive level of income and wealth inequality, that the united states should continue to have the highest rate of childhood poverty of any other country on earth. slootplease do not tell me that. please don't tell me that, when mom and i go to work, that they should not be able to find high quality and affordable childcare. leave the world and transforming our energy system, and combating climate change. we can do that. regardless of whether they are gay or straight, man, or woman, we can create a nation which fulfills the birthright of all americans. that is a society of dignity, of security, and ending all forms of discrimination. thank you all very much. ... textsenator sanders: thank you. , i will look down. let me begin by thanking all of you for doing what too few americans do. and it is because you love your state and your country, you are prepared to get involved in the political process. you understand that many men and women fought and died to preserve democracy and you are doing everything you can to make sure that we have a vibrant democracy. so thank you all very much. the same time. we became close friends and we worked together on a number of issues. i want to thank the democrats of minnesota for making sure that paul's work and more importantly his vision, is never forgotten. not talked about very much in the media or congress, is the reality that big-money interests, wall street, corporate america, campaign donors, they have so much power, so much influence over the economy and of this country, that no president can do it alone. that is right. i could sit here for 10 hours and tell you all the things that have to be done, but i will be wasting your time, because nothing significant gets done unless millions of people come together, including working people who have given up on the political process, young people who are involved, african-americans and whites and latinos and native american, asian americans, gay and straight, men and women, young and old -- unless we revitalize american democracy, so that we have one of the highest voter turnout in the world, not one of the lowest. washington and say, you know what, our government belongs to all of us, not just a handful of wealthy campaign contributors. when that happens, we transform america. republicans, because when you look at what they stand for it is a marginal position. very few americans believe in the republican program, how many people do you know think that it makes sense to give hundreds of billions of dollars in tax breaks to the top 2/10 of 1%, and then cut social security, medicaid and medicare. it is not that it is not right, very few people believe that. republicans win elections when people become demoralized, when they give up on the political process, when they do not vote or get involved, and win big money buys elections. republicans when one voter turnout is low, democrats win win voter turnout is high. our job is to create a high voter turnout. the privilege of talking to some of the leaders of the trade union movement in minnesota. and they understand, and you all understand, that when workers came together to demand to sit down and collectively bargain contracts, that did not happen because employers thought it was a great idea. they stood up and they fought for unions and they fall for those rights -- fought for those rights. every worker in america owes the trade worker movement. civil rights movement is simply about lyndon baines johnson signing the voting rights act? change comes from the bottom up. it comes when people stand up and say the status quo is no longer acceptable. for 100 more years people stood up and fought, sometimes they were lynched, sometimes their homes were bombed. i was in birmingham, alabama. i went to the church where four beautiful children were killed because of a racist explosion. what i learned on that day, there were 14 bombings in birmingham during that month. this city was under see by racist trying to terrorize people fighting for civil rights. the people of birmingham, blacks and white allies said sorry, segregation and racism is going to in an america they stood together -- america. they stood together. they sat in. we made huge breakthroughs. but it happened not because of somebody on top. it happened because millions of people said enough is enough. what about the women's movement? 100, 150 years ago women said we are not going to be treated as third class citizens. we are going to do the work we want to do. it happened because people said what is going on on this planet of ours? you can't destroy it. we have to protect the planet. you think about gay rights. if we were sitting here 10 years ago, and somebody said i think in 2015, gay marriage will be legal in 50 states, the person next to him would have said what are you smoking? which raises another issue. when they say this is not right, in this country people should have the right to love anyone they want regardless of their gender -- about. are going to elect an african-american as president, there a few people would have believed that can happen. but it did happen. seven years. they can't remember where we were seven years ago when we were losing 800,000 jobs a month . we were running up a record-breaking deficit of $1.4 trillion. when by the way, the world's financial system was on the verge of collapse. other than that we were in good shape when bush left office. we have come a long way in seven years and we should be proud of the accomplishments of the obama and biden administration. america we have more income and wealth inequality than any other major country on earth, that it is worth -- worse here here today then 1928. that is not acceptable. it is not acceptable to me the top 1/10 of 1% owns almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. it is not acceptable the 20 wealthiest people in this country own more wealth than the bottom 150 million americans. it is not acceptable that one family owns more wealth than the bottom 40% of the american people. when we talk about the economy -- it's not just well. it is income. in my state, we have many people, millions throughout our country working not one job but to jobs and three jobs trying to cobble together the income they need and some health care. despite the hard work of the american people, and we of the hardest working people of any in the industrialized world. we work the longest hours. 58% of all new income generated today goes to top 1%. my friends, this is not an american economy. it is not a fair economy. it is a rigged economy and together we are going to change that. doing phenomenally well while the middle class continues to disappear and 47 million americans live in poverty. what you have accompanying the rigged economy is a corrupt campaign finance system that has undermined american democracy. we are seeing today is wall street and billionaires spending unlimited sums of money in super pac's, attempting to elect candidates who will represent their interests. let me tell you as straightforwardly as i can. i am proud that i am the only amid credit candidate running for president who does not have a super pac. contribution. averaging $27 apiece. the people, by the people, for the people. finance system and the major issues facing our country, and what congress does or does not do does not understand anything about contemporary american politics. let me be as straightforward as i can and tell you one of the first major priorities of the sanders administration will be to overturn this disastrous citizens united supreme court decision. campaign finance system. we talk about the need to end a rigged economy and create an economy that works for all of us, not just the 1%. we talk about a broken criminal justice system, a criminal justice system in which we have more people in jail than any other country on earth, largely black and latino. and native americans. is about. some may have read in the last few weeks large wall street financial institutions like goldman sachs have reached a settlement with united states government. it was for $5 billion. other banks have reached larger settlements with the government. the reason they are reaching the settlements is because they were selling subprime mortgage packages to investors and the american people that were worthless. they reached a $5 billion agreement with the u.s. government. to a significant degree the business model of wall street happens to be fraud. when we talk about political power in america, where the average american says why should i vote? i have one vote. wall street is spending this money. no one hears my pain. no one is concerned about my life. don't ask me to vote. i will tell you one of the things that angers the american people is that today some kid in minnesota will get picked up for possessing marijuana, he or she will get a police record which will stay with them for the rest of their lives. executives on wall street, whose greed and recklessness and illegal behavior ended up driving millions of people out of their homes, not one of those executives on wall street will have a police record. that is not what criminal justice is supposed to be about. rich or poor. you will get equal treatment under the law. when we talk about the issues facing the american people, when we understand why it is people are working so many hours for such low wages, it should be clear we have got to raise the minimum wage to a living wage, $15 an hour. hypocrisy in politics. i know you are shocked, dismayed to hear this, but it is true. let me give you an example. they say we hate the government. government is the worst thing. it is terrible. we're going to get the government out of your life. we will do away with the epa. we will cut nutrition programs. government stinks. we are going to get it out of your life. accept when it -- except when it comes to a woman's right to choose. i will do everything in my power to beat back those attacks on a woman's right to choose. not have the right to get married -- i disagree. what they managed to accomplish which we take for granted is public education. they said we don't want our kids to be working in factories were on farms. we want them like the rich kids to be able to get a decent education. they fought and succeeded in creating great public schools all over america. this is the year 2016 and in my view it is time to rethink public education. to understand in many respects a college degree today is the equivalent of a high school degree 50 years ago. we should demand that every public college and university in america be tuition free. outside of the box, all over this country, i'm sure you have people dealing with incredibly oppressive loads of student debt. i'm talking about people paying $50,000, $100,000, $400,000 of student debt which they will be paying off for decades. i keep running into families where mom is not only paying off her daughters student debt, she's paying off her own student debt of 20 years ago. in america we should not be punishing people for the crime of trying to get an education. we should be rewarding people, encouraging people to get that education. that is what i believe we should allow people with student debt to refinance their loans at the lowest possible interest rate they can find. you are santa claus. how are you going to pay for it? you have to pay for it. i will tell you how we are going to pay for it. free tuition and lowering student debt. we will impose a tax on wall street speculation. help the middle class of this country. policy. probably the easiest would be to deal with climate change. i'm a member of the senate environmental committee. i've talked to scientists all over the world. the debate is over, climate change is real, it is caused by human activity, and it is causing devastating problems in our country and around the world. take on the fossil fuel industry, to transform our energy system away from fossil fuel to energy-efficient the and sustainable energy. here's the point i want to make. how does it happen? i'm being as deadly serious as i can. how does it happen if the entire scientific community agrees climate change is real and it is causing devastating problems, and will only get much worse in years to come? how does it happen we have a republican party which almost unanimously rejects science? how does it happen not one republican in a debate or in any other format will say what everybody knows to be true. climate change is real and we have to transform our energy system to save this planet from future generations. how does that happen? not one republican candidate will say that? on the day that republican candidate says it, he will lose his campaign funding from the koch brothers, from exxon mobil, and the fossil fuel industry. that is what a corrupt campaign finance system is doing in this country. in my view, we judge a nation -- and i know paul said it better than i -- we judge a nation not by a number of millionaires and billionaires we have, but by how we treat the most vulnerable people in our country. people who cannot defend themselves. that is a sign of a great country. the highest rate of childhood poverty of almost any major country on earth. nobody should be proud or accept millions of seniors and disabled veterans are trying to get by on $11,000 a year. that is not what america should be about. that is why i believe we must lift the cap on taxable income coming into the social security trust fund. and expand social security benefits. now living on less than $16,000 will get $1300 more. that is the least we can do for the people who helped build our country and raise us. my friends, my vision for america, my ideas are just too radical. they are not radical. the only thing that is radical is the fact that the insurance companies and the drug companies , and the fossil fuel industry, and wall street, and the military-industrial complex are standing in opposition to what we have to accomplish. it is not a question of what we should be doing. i believe, i have always believed my entire adult life, health care is a right of all people, not a privilege. do better. the issue in front of us is not what we know we should do. there is widespread agreement on that. it is whether or not we have the courage to stand up to the billionaire class, to stand up to wall street, to stand up to the drug companies, and all of those people today exercising in norman's power at the expense of ordinary americans. what the political revolution is about is the belief that yes, when we stand together, we know we do not allow the trump's of the world to divide us, there is nothing we cannot accomplish. i ask you to join the political revolution. thank you very much. person for this moment in history. i studied all my predecessors. the average person is intelligent, hard-working and tries to do with they want to do when they get there. there is a big difference in who can do and who can't. she is the single best change maker of ever met in my life. we need a change maker. not a change talker. a change maker. a court said our schools were not properly finance. we were going to have to reallocate money. i put hillary in charge. she went to every county in the state. she presented it to the legislature. the head of the education committee said it was so good he thought maybe we had elected the wrong member of our family. nine years later i come to iowa running for president telling you the most improved school systems or in arkansas and south carolina. she did that. she had never been to elected to anything. she went to south carolina to see why these african-american teenagers were being jailed as adults. 13, 14, 15 years old being kept in adult prisons. they changed that. she had not been elected to anything but she was making change. that is just the beginning. it is policy. the country needs someone who can get something done. she said i have been so worried. we had six of the 24 worst counties in america. they are not able to learn. there is no preschool. i found a preschool program in israel that teaches people to be their children's first teachers even if they were illiterate. i think it will work here. she said it will be here in 10 days and we are going to start this program. here is what happened. i know i'm going to these graduations for preschoolers. it is in 26 states. it is still thriving. there are thousands in this country today who have better lives and learn more just because of her. they have no clue. she didn't care. she had been elected to anything. she made something good happen. you are entitled to give these remarks, but everything i have told you i believe with all my heart. she is the best person to win the election. the vast -- the best person to implement the changes we need. the best person to improve the gains we have made under president obama. mostly i want you to do what is best for you. most people have more tomorrow than yesterday. those of you will have more yesterdays than tomorrow spend time thinking about the future. i believe hillary is a gift that will keep on giving. she made everything she ever touched better. thank you very much.bernie! senator sanders: thank you all very much for coming out. you just met jane. let me begin by thanking pastor whitfield for giving my entire speech. and she has endorsed our campaign and i appreciate that very much. love you, too. do you know cornell west? dr. west has been running around the state with us. you talk about a love train of a campaign yesterday. a love train abba campaign. we love you all. let me begin by saying this -- >> tomorrow night. want to very sincerely thank the people of this beautiful state for their hospitality, their generosity, and for their kindness. it has been a pleasure and an honor to campaign in this great state. so, thank you all very much for that. had no money. we had virtually no political organization. we had almost no name recognition outside of vermont and a few other new england states. in fact, a poll was done by the des moines register eight months ago, which had us trailing secretary clinton by 41 points. yesterday, there was a poll that had us down by three points. we have made some progress. and when we talk about political organization, i'm extremely proud and grateful that we had some 15,000 volunteers here in iowa alone. thank you all. many of them, many of them are working very long hours, and i appreciate very much all they are doing. on top of that, our organization has hundreds of thousands of volunteers in every state of this country. and let me say something that all of you know, and that is -- it's not great news, but all of you know it to be true -- today in the united states, if you are going to run for president, you need to raise an obscene amount of money. that is sad, but true. we are talking hundreds of millions of dollars if not a billion dollars. at the beginning of our campaign, many of the pundits said, well, bernie, your hair is really nice and we think that you will make a great presidential candidate if you comb your hair. great. and your gq outfit will certainly when you millions of votes -- but how are you going to raise the money? how are you going to raise the money to compete effectively? and that is a very legitimate question. we thought about it for about 1/10 of a second and we decided we were not going to have a super pac. interests of wall street, corporate america, the drug companies, millionaires and billionaires. we do not represent their interests. we do not want their money. we decided to do it without a super pac. yesterday, my opponent announced she had raised some $45 million from her super pac. we made the announcement that we had raised zero dollars from our super pac. have believed possible when we began this campaign. when we said we were not going to have a super pac, we just reached out to middle class working families and we said, if you want real change in this country, if you want to be part of a political revolution, we need your help, and this is what has happened in the last nine months, which honest to god, is beyond my wildest imagination. in the last nine months, we have received 3.2 million individual contributions. the united states up to this point in a campaign. and while some candidates boast about how much money they raised at super pac events, let me tell you what i am posting about and what i am very proud of. our average contribution is $27. in other words, to paraphrase abraham lincoln, this is a campaign of the people, by the people, and for the people. and what makes this campaign different from other campaigns -- obviously the most progressive agenda out there, but more significantly what i am telling you and what i am telling everybody in america. and that is no president, bernie sanders or anyone else, can do it alone. if we are to bring about the changes most of us wants, if we are to rebuild a disappearing middle class, if we want to deal with climate change and women's rights and all of the important issues that are out there, the only way that happens is when millions of people stand up, come together, and demand that our government starts working for all of us, not just the 1%. bit nervous. wall street a little bit nervous. we get the political establishment a little bit nervous. we get the media establishment a little bit nervous. they say, what's going on in america where ordinary americans are demanding to change the course of our country -- who do they think they are? don't they know it is the alien air class in corporate america and wall street who are supposed to run this country. and what we are saying is enough is enough. you had your day. now it is our turn. now there are folks out there during the campaign who say a lot of things. i have seen ads on television that suggest that bernie sanders is trying to dismantle health care in america. dismantle health care? i have spent my life fighting for universal health care for every man, woman and child. there is an ad out there saying i am attacking planned parenthood. i have a 100% lifetime voting record for planned parenthood. i want to expand planned parenthood funding. we are not attacking planned parenthood. we are going to make them stronger. there are those who say we are protecting the gun lobby. some protection. i have a d-voting record from the nra. and we are going to do everything we can to stem gun violence in the united states. then there is another argument that is going around, and that is, well, you know, bernie is a knife right, but you know what? -- bernie is a nice guy, but you know what? he and his supporters, he can't win a national election. how do we make sure a right-wing republican does not get into the white house? let me give you a few reasons why we will in fact the feet any right-wing republican that the republican party puts up. and by the way, that means all of them because they are all right wing. sanders cannot win a national election. a recent nbc poll told us that hillary clinton was doing very well. she was beating donald trump by 10 points. we were beating him by 15 points areaanother poll had her up by seven. we were ahead by 13. because it's the first caucus state, but you are a battleground state. sometimes, kratz then, too often, republicans went. here, in iowa, secretary clinton was defeating donald trump by eight points. we were defeating him by 13 points. point. not bad. we were defeating him by 19 points. points. candidate, we have more support than secretary clinton. and it's not only these polls. what everybody here knows is republicans when elections when american people are demoralized and when they do not come out to vote. republicans love low voter turnout. that is why republican governors all over this country are trying to suppress the vote. nobody votes, that is great, because then big money will be able to carry the day. we win when large numbers of people come out to vote. the polls. i think it is fair to say any objective assessment of secretary clinton campaign -- she has some good people, so i am not knocking them, but the excitement and energy is with our campaign. and energy will drive a very large voter turnout, which will mean not only do we regain the white house, we win governors chairs all over this country. here in iowa to a virtual tie? a very radical concept -- we are telling the american people the truth. once, you may as well tell the truth. what is the truth? nothing i'm proud of, nothing i'm happy to tell you, but what i have believed for a long time is you do not make progress unless you have the courage to look reality in the eye. if you sweep the problems under the rug, they ain't going to get better. what is the issue? we are living today in a rigged economy. what does that mean? it means the middle class continues to decline. it means we have 47 million people living in poverty, and it means almost all the new income and wealth generated today is going to the top 1%. it means that you pay to bail out wall street and in wall street provides their ceos with huge compensation packages while you cannot afford to send your kids to college. it means that in vermont and in iowa, all over this country, we have people working not one job, they are working two jobs, three jobs, just trying to cobble together some income and some health care. it means that while our people in america work the longest hours of any people in the industrialized world, while it means that mom is working, dad is working and the kids are working, why let means marriages are struggling because of the stress of lack of money, parents are not spending enough time with their kids. and in the midst of all of that reality, 58 percent of all new income is going to the top 1%. what a rigged economy means is that we have more inequality in america today than at any time since 1928, and it is worse here now than almost any major country on earth. what that means is the top 1/10 of 1% now owns almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. what that means is the 20th will -- 20 wealthiest people in this country now own more wealth than the bottom 150 million americans , half of our population. what that means is one family in america, the walton family of walmart, one family owns more wealth than the bottom 40% of the american people. that, my friends, is a rigged economy and here's a radical idea. you want to hear a radical idea? and not just a handful of wealthy campaign contributors? this country, it has everything to do with the fact that may -- that wages in america are just too low. you can do the arithmetic as well as i can. multiply eight dollars an hour by 40 hours a week i 52 weeks the year, and you end up with a sum of money no person in america can live on with dignity. one second. that is why at a time when the minimum wage in this country is seven dollars and $.25, the federal minimum wage, we have to recognize that as a starvation wage. we got to raise the minimum wage $15 an hour over the next several years. not be living in poverty. that is not a radical ideal. that is an american idea. when we talk about fair wages, i would hope every man in this room will stand with the women to and the disgrace of women making $.79 on the dollar compared to men. together, we are going to change that. real unemployment, including those people who have given up looking for work or working part-time is close to 10%. furthermore, and here is something we do not talk enough about and we have put this issue right up there on the agenda, youth unemployment in america, real youth unemployment for white kids between 17 and 20, high school graduates, 33%. latino kids, 36 percent. african american kids, 51%. that is intolerable, that is unacceptable. in america, that is we in the wealthiest country in the history of the world, we have more people in jail than any other country on earth. we have two point 2 million people in jail and spend $80 billion a year locking people up. you want another radical idea this morning? i know this is tough -- are you ready for the second radical idea? than jails and incarceration? to the university of iowa. i would rather send him to the university of ila. -- university of iowa. or iowa state. or any of your great universities. i don't want to get myself in trouble. if you want, you can even go to the university of vermont. i want to touch on another issue -- i want to suggest in politics today there is occasionally a bit of hypocrisy. please recover. take a deep breath, it's ok. it is true. in this state right now, you have a lot of republican candidates. you can't get a cup of coffee i'm sure without running into one of them. if you listen to them closely, they talk about republican family values. do you ever hear them talk about republican family values? i want everyone here to know what they mean when they talk about family values. they mean no woman in this room in this state, in this country should have the right to control her own body. i disagree. able to get married. i disagree. over iowa and all over the country telling people how much they hate government. they are going to cut social security and medicare and medicaid, do away with the epa, they hate the government, they want to get that terrible government out of your lives. except when it comes to a very personal choice that women have to make, and in that case, they love the government and want the government to make that decision for every woman in america. that is hypocrisy. beautiful grandchildren. we believe in family and family values, but our values are a little different than the republicans. when i talk about family values, i talk about ending the international embarrassment in which this country, our great country, is the only major nation on earth that does not guarantee paid family and medical leave. few countries, even poor countries do it. what that means in reality is that today in iowa, vermont, all over this country, women are giving birth. but if that woman is low income or working class, there's a real likelihood she will be forced to separate herself from a beautiful new baby where she has to go back to work and take care of her family. that should not be happening in america and that's why i'm strongly supporting legislation that will be providing three months of paid family and medical leave. chart, to me, it is a no-brainer to say the federal government must create a massive federal jobs program to put our people back to work. we should be hiring teachers, not firing teachers. of the youngest americans. by ending an outrageous loophole that allows billion-dollar corporations to put their money in the cayman islands, bermuda, and other tax havens and, pay zero in federal income taxes. is one story i can tell you which encompasses all of those elements of what is happening in america today. some of you may have noticed it a couple of weeks ago. goldman sachs, one of the large financial institutions on wall street agreed to a $5 billion settlement with the united states government. five billion dollars and they were one of many bank that has reached huge settlements. the reason they reached the settlement is they were engaged in illegal activity. they were defrauding investors by selling worthless packages of subprime mortgages. they were cheating the american people, they reached a settlement for $5 billion. that is point number one. point number two, when you talk about political power in america, you are talking about wall street that spent aliens of dollars to get deregulated. you are talking about goldman sachs, the same company that over the last 25 years has managed to get to secretaries of the treasury, a revolving door -- you know what a revolving door is? you go from wall street to the government and back. one under a democratic administration, one under a republican administration and dozens of high level political appointees. point number three. that same goldman sachs makes huge campaign contributions in order to protect themselves and provide very generous speaker fees. point number four may be the most interesting point of all. when we talk about why the american people are angry and why they are demoralized and why they see a system in which the rich gets richer and almost everyone else gets poor and see a system of justice which is basically unfair, today, if some kid in iowa or vermont gets picked up with marijuana, that kid will have a police record for the rest of his life. goldman sachs just reached a $5 billion settlement for cheating and ripping off the american people. goldman sachs is part of a group of wall street companies that helped destroy the american economy, bring us the worst recession since the great depression, millions of people lost their jobs, their homes and life savings. goldman sachs paid a $5 billion settlement, but no executive on wall street has yet and prosecuted, has yet and charged with a crime, yet has a police record. that is why the american people are angry. what justice means is that justice applies equally. that is what america is about. if you are rich and powerful, you break the law, you pay the price. not only do we have a two-tier economy, a two-tier campaign-finance system, we have a two-tier criminal justice system. if elected president, we are going to bring back justice to our justice system. decision. person, one vote, not billionaires buying elections. billionaire friends, in this campaign, spending some $900 million -- $900 billion -- $900 million to represent the rich and the powerful, when you have those handful of people spending more money on a campaign than either the democratic or republican parties, my friends, that is not democracy. that is oligarchy and we are going to change that. population on earth. it makes no sense to me that hundreds of thousands of bright young people who are qualified today cannot get a college education and others who are not academically inclined cannot get the training they need to be plumbers, carpenters, or electricians. that is why i believe that in the year 2000 -- in the year 2016, when we talk about education, it can no longer be first grade through 12th grade. it must include college and post secondary education. that is why i believe public colleges and universities should be tuition free. dealing with student debt? that's a lot of people. as i go around the state, there's no meeting i go to where people are not raising their hands in response to that question. just a couple of days ago, in iowa, a young man, 20 years of age, he said i went to college for two years and dropped out -- $16,000 in debt. another young man, 29 years of age, works in sustainable energy, $90,000 in debt. he's paying 50% of his limited income in student death -- student debt. i talk to guy in the data, 55 years of age, he has been paying off his debt for 25 years and is more in debt today than when he began. >>mr. sanders: thank you. doesn't look like we could squeeze too many more people in this room. and let me say thank you to the hundreds of people in the overflow room. when we began this campaign, people were saying bernie sanders, interesting guy but kind of a fringe type candidate. i mean no one takes it seriously the idea that maybe, just maybe, we need a political revolution in america. something is wrong when almost all of the new income is going to the top 1%. major country and more people in jail than any other major country. 15,000 people in seattle. 28,000 people in portland, oregon. and we had 27,000 people in los angeles. it seems to me the ideas we are talking about are not fringe ideas, they are the ideas that the american people support. to win in south carolina and across the country. but the enthusiasm and the excitement for this campaign hasn't just launched turnouts. people also understand there is something profoundly wrong when millionaires and billionaires control our political system. billionaires' agenda. i do not want their money. we are not going to have any superpac at all. old-fashioned way, small contributions from 400,000 americans. average contribution, $31. i'm proud of that. what this campaign is about is bringing people together with the understanding that if we do not allow ourselves to be divided, if we stand together as black and white and hispanic, native american, men and women, straight and gay, nativeborn and immigrant -- the power. but we have the people. when people stand together, we win. where ever i go around the country, media come up to me and say, we are surprised, why is there so much excitement and enthusiasm? why are you moving up in the polls? let me tell you what my answer is to them. my answer is the american people are sick and tired with establishment politics. and frankly, they are sick and tired of establishment media. this never ending greed of needing more and more no matter how much they have, that corporate greed is destroying our economy. the former chairman of the senate veterans committee, the american people understand that men and women throughout our history have put their lives on the line and sometimes lost their lives defending democracy and that there is something profoundly wrong when billionaires are buying elections. that is not democracy. this country faces so many enormous problems, when we need serious discussion, that much of the corporate media will talk about everything in the world except the most important issues facing working americans. bernie sanders or hillary clinton. it is not about donald trump, jeb bush or anyone else. it is about you, your kids, your parents, and the future of this country. in vermont, i have never run a negative political ad in my life. about is to take a hard look at the serious problems facing our country and propose ideas and let the american people discuss them. i think it is absurd for politicians to say, i am great, i am wonderful, everyone else is terrible. that is wrong. what we need is a serious discussion about the serious issues facing our country and that is what this campaign is about. not only in terms of the fact that it we have the most progressive vision, but more importantly in how we are running this campaign. i believe, and let me be honest with you and tell you what no other candidate for president will tell you, that no matter who is elected president of the united states, no matter how good he or she may be, that person cannot address the enormous problems facing working families and the middle class because of the power of big money interests in this country. what i am calling for is not just your support to elect to me as president, i'm asking you to be part of a political revolution. coast to coast, standing up and saying loudly and clearly, enough is enough. this great nation and our government belong to all of us, not just to a handful of billionaires. serious problems than at any time in the modern history of our country. and if you throw in the global crisis of climate change, the problems may be worse today. the major problems facing our country. i started with the issue of income and wealth inequality. today, as some of you know, we live in the wealthiest country in the history of the world. the wealthiest country in the history of the world. most americans don't understand that, don't perceive that, don't feel that because they are too busy working two or three jobs while the rest are going to the top 1%. than any other major industrialized nation on earth. the inequality today if you can believe it is worse than at any time since 1928. so what is essentially happening in our country, the people at the top are getting richer and richer. everybody else is becoming poorer and poorer. the truth is no great nation can survive economically or politically when so few have so much and so many have so little. not 1%, 1/10 of 1% owns almost as much there is something profoundly wrong when in recent years we have seen a proliferation of millionaires and billionaires but all over our country, millions of people are working longer hours for lower wages. we end up with the highest rate of childhood poverty of any major country on earth. there is something profoundly wrong when one family, one family, this is america not paraguay, not some small third world country, when one family, the walton family of walmart, owns more wealth than the bottom 40% of the american people. when people are working two or three jobs, trying to get some income and health care to take care of their families. when that is going on, well, a handfull of billionaires are making out like bandits. this is a rigged economy. that is you cannot, you will not have it all. going to continue to get huge tax breaks when children in america go hungry. other low-wage countries when millions of americans are in desperate need of work right here. not going to hide their many billions in profits by putting them in the cayman islands and other tax havens. they are going to start paying their fair share of taxes. because we are going to end it for them. inequality, let me bring it on home to what it means for the people in south carolina. in the last two years, the wealthiest 14 people in america, 14 people, saw their wealth increase by $156 billion. here in south carolina, while 14 people saw an unbelievable increase in their wealth, 27% of the children here are living in poverty. almost 300,000 children. 14 people increased wealth $156 billion. 27% of the kids in south carolina living in poverty. of those children living in poverty, 138,000 are black, 95,000 are white and 34,000 are hispanic. childhood poverty impacts people all across the board. it is a national disgrace. billionaires become richer while children in south carolina and all over america lack adequate nutrition. in the year 2015 in south carolina, in vermont and throughout america, children are going hungry. it is not acceptable that billionaires become richer when kids in this country are starving. in our society. to turn our backs on the children while billionaires get richer is not what this country is supposed to be about. needs, let us not forget that we are the only major industrialized country on earth that does not guarantee health care to all people as a right. canadian border. the canadians guarantee health care to every people. in the u.k., they guarantee health care to all of their people. germany, france, scandinavia does it. every major country does it accept us and that is why i strongly believe in a medicare for all. believes in, but the congress did pass, and the president did find, the affordable care act. a modest but important step forward. by expanding eligibility for medicaid, millions of americans now have health insurance who previously lacked it. that is a good thing. uninsured population almost in half. it has reduced the number of uninsured in kentucky from 20% to 12%. in south carolina, in south carolina, over 200,000 people would gain health insurance if the governor and legislature approved the expansion. to allow a rigid, right-wing, political ideology to stand in the way of health care for hundreds of thousands of south carolinians. to die unnecessarily because they cannot go to a doctor when they should. it is wrong and immoral to have a situation where people will suffer and become much sicker than they otherwise would have been because they don't have medicaid. that is wrong. but all across this country, republican governors and legislatures would let go for one minute of the right wing ideology and take care of the people of their state. talking about are not just the grotesque level of income inequality. it is the realities that for the last 40 years the great middle class of our country, once the envy of the world, has been disappearing. the truth is we are much better off economically today than we were when george bush left office. hemorrhaging 800,000 jobs a month. our financial system was on the verge of collapse and we were running up a $1.4 trillion deficit. i find it interesting republicans complain they are only growing 250,000 jobs a month. that is a lot better than losing 800,000 jobs. than we were when bush left office, but the reality is that millions of americans today are working longer hours for lower wages. all of you know there has been an explosion in technology making workers far more productive than they used to be. and yet, many of those workers have seen their real wages go down. since 1999, medium family income today is almost $5,000 less than it was in 1999. that is our reality. we are better off than we were 6.5 years ago but we continue to find and see the disappearance of our middle-class. what we have to do is come up with proposal after proposal that rebuilds the crumbling middle-class in this country and that is what we intend to do. include the people that have given up looking for work and the millions of people working part-time. add that altogether, real unemployment is over 10%. this is really something that we must deal with. we cannot continue to push under the rug. i asked the economic policy institute to do a study on youth unemployment. you know what it is in this country? in terms of kid to have no jobs, or are working part-time when they want to work full-time, what they told us is the kids 17 to 20 who graduated high school, if they were white, youth unemployment is 33%. if they were hispanic, youth unemployment is 36%. if they were african-american, youth unemployment is 51%. people who want to stand on their own two feet. in jail than any other country. in school, who are not working, who are hanging out in street corners and getting into trouble. in my view, it makes a lot more sense for us to be investing in education and in jobs. than in jails and incarceration. inequality and it is not just high rates of unemployment we have to address. it is the simple fact that everybody in this room knows that millions of our people are working at wages that are too damn low. $7.25 an hour -- minimum wage to a living wage -- $15 an hour over the next several years. be living in poverty. america trying to bring up their families who are making $.78 on the dollar compared to men. pay equity will take a huge chunk out of poverty in america and we must fight to establish pay equity. run around the country and they talk about family values. they just love families. but, you know, you all know what they mean when they talk about family values. what they are saying is women in america should not be able to control their own bodies. i disagree. women are too dumb to be able to buy the contraceptive they need. i disagree. what they are also saying in their understanding of family values is that are gay brothers and sisters should not be able to get married and enjoy all of the benefits of american citizenship. i disagree. protecting the needs of families, but my family values are a little bit different than republican family values. stays home, nourishes the baby, gets to know her baby and dad is there as well. it is not a family value to tell that mom that just because you don't have money, you have to separate yourself from your baby and go back to work in five days or eight days. that is not a family value. that guarantees every family in america 12 weeks of paid family or medical leave. earth could do it, the united states of america could do it, too. not guarantee sick time to our workers or paid vacation. that has got to change, too. systems, waste water plants, airports, levies, dams -- there is more than enough work to do. a $1 trillion investment over five years could create over 13 million decent paying jobs. of having to create millions of jobs, it is also the absolute need to prevent the loss of more jobs because of our disastrous trade policies. voted against nafta, capfa, and trade relations with china. against the transpacific partnership. not in countries around the world. recklessness and arrogance and dishonesty, we only have some of the adjectives to describe wall street. all of you know that as a result of the greed and recklessness of wall street, our economy was brought to its knees, millions of people lost their jobs, their houses and their life savings. today, after bailing out wall street because they were too big to fail, three out of the four largest banks are bigger now than they were before we bailed them out. two thirds of the credit cards in this country, 35% of the mortgages in this country, when you have banks that are too big to fail, they are too big to exist. loans to small and medium-sized businesses so they can create the jobs we need. we do not need a financial system on wall street which is an island unto itself which is only concerned about profits for a handful of people. the supreme court by a 5-4 decision in the citizens united -- the wealthiest people in the country, they said you guys already own much of the economy. we are now going to allow you to own the united states government and that is exactly what they are trying to do right now. we have a situation right now where one family, the extreme right wing koch brothers. prepared to spend $900 million in this election cycle. that is more money than either party will spend. when you have one family spending more money than either of the major political parties, that is not democracy. that is... text oligarchy. i really believe in democracy. and what that means, what that very radical idea means -- only a few hundred years old -- what that idea means is that you and people all over this country, poor people, old people, anybody has the right to determine and shape the future of our country and not just a king or queen or a handful of billionaires. that is a radical idea that i believe. united, we have to go further. i want to see this country have the most vibrant democracy of any country on earth. i want to see us have one of the highest voter turnouts, not one of the lowest voter turnouts. room, anybody in america whether you are conservative, progressive, moderate -- if you believe you want to get into public service, you want to run for office, you believe in your ideas, i want to see you be able to run for office without begging money from the wealthy and the powerful. event with martin luther king, iii and people with the southern christian leadership congress. a very good civil rights organization. and what we talked about at that meeting was to, first of all, celebrate the 50th anniversary -- and someone mentioned this earlier. of the enormously important voting rights act. ok? the governors and legislatures all over this country, many in the south, will say sorry, all people will be able to vote regardless of the color of their skin. as many of you know, two years ago, the supreme court gutted a very important provision of the voting rights act. and what has happened is all over the country, not just to the south, but all over the country, governors and legislatures have done everything possible to suppress the vote, to deny people the right to vote, those people disagree with the powers that be. and they are unsafe. i have run for office in my own state many times. sometimes i have lost. most times i have won. but it had never occurred to me, never, not for one second to say there are parts of the state that are not sympathetic to me, how do i figure out a way to stop those people from voting? if you cannot run for office and defend your ideas, then you should not run for office in the first place. because they may vote against a governor or the legislatures are nothing less than political cowards. age in the united states of america, you are registered to vote, end of discussion. living in is a very competitive global economy. and if our nation is going to succeed economically, we need to have the best educated workforce in the world. tonight, there are hundreds of thousands of bright, young men and women across this country -- kids who have done really well in school. kids were qualified to get into college, but they cannot get into college for one reason -- their families lack the money. to my mind, it is not only unfair to these kids to deny them the right to become doctors or engineers or teachers or scientists or whatever else -- not only unfair to them, but it is absurd when we talk about the future of the american economy. we need to have the best educated workers in the world. it will certainly do that. but this is what else it will do -- today in columbia, in burlington, vermont, there are kids in the fourth and fifth grades. these are kids whose mom and dad did not go to college. these are kids who don't know anybody who went to college and the idea of going to college, of making it into the middle class is something beyond their wildest expectations or dreams. but, if we tell every kid in columbia and in burlington, vermont that if you study, if you pay attention to school, if you do your work, you will be able to get a college education. and the second thing we have done in a legislation is to address the absurdity of millions of americans, some young, some not so young, who are struggling with horrendously oppressive student debt. was she went to medical school and is practicing primary health care for low-income people. exactly the kind of doctors we need. but, for doing that, she came out of school $300,000 in debt. i was in iowa a few months ago. a young woman came up to me and said she graduated dental school -- $400,000 in debt at a time where we have a major dental crisis and we need more dentists. i talked to young people who are paying off 25% of their limited incomes in student debt. cannot afford to get married. cannot afford to get a car. cannot afford to get a home. now, in my view, it makes no sense at all that if you can refinance your home today at 2% or 3% or 4%, you should not be paying 8% or 10% on your student debt. rates of working-class americans. idea, but it will be pretty expensive to provide public colleges and universities tuition-free and lower student debt. how will you pay for it? let me tell you exactly how i will pay for it -- with a tax on wall street speculation. of their greed and recklessness, they went begging to the middle class to bail them out. now it is wall street's time to bail out the middle class. beings, as parents, adults, there is perhaps nothing more important than leaving this planet in a way that is habitable for our kids and grandchildren. over the world. act together in a very short period of time, a bad situation today will become much, much worse with the planet temperature rising 5 or 10 degrees more fahrenheit. more drought, more flood, more extreme weather disturbances. more ocean acidification. the united states has the moral responsibility to lead the world in transforming our energy system. fuel to energy efficiency and sustainable energy. i am the ranking member of the senate budget committee which means i am the leader of the democrats in our position. i want to tell you what many of you don't know. the media forgot to talk about it. months ago does the following -- it throws 27 million americans off of health care. it cuts pell grants by $90 billion over 10 years. it cuts nutrition programs, including the wic program, for pregnant women and their little kids by billions and billions of dollars. republican colleagues -- no, we are not going to cut social security. we are going to expand social security. we are going to expand veterans programs. care to our veterans, who have put their lives on the line to defend this country. nation that it must become, we must talk about ending institutional racism and making major reforms -- justice system. decades, our country has made significant progress in overcoming our long legacy of racism. we should be proud of that. if people were sitting in this room 30 years ago and somebody said i think in the year 2008, an african-american could be elected president, that the people of america will look at his ideas, his views, people would have said no. it would not happen that fast, but it did happen and we should be proud of that. the struggle absolutely continues against sexism in this country and opening doors for women that never existed before. are making progress and we should be very proud of the extraordinary progress we have made in recent years in the fight for gay rights. something we should be very proud of. less discriminatory society in many respects. but, here is the bad news -- as everyone in this room knows, racism remains a much too real part of american life. and in that regard, i'm not just talking about the sickness of a man who can walk into a bible study class in charleston, pray with people in that room and then take out a gun and kill nine of them. that is just something that is almost impossible for us to understand how somebody can do that. and we are not just talking about other forms of racism that we see every single day. we are not just talking about the hundreds of hate groups that exist all over this country, groups that exist for one purpose alone and that is -- it is hard to imagine -- but to foment hatred against african-americans or gays or immigrants or jews -- people that are different from them. and we have to take a hard look at those groups. the justice department should be much more active in making sure -- i'm talking about people like sandra bland and michael brown. officers or in police custody. now, i was a mayor for eight years. and let me be the first to tell you as someone who worked very hard with our police department that being a cop today is not an easy job and most police officers are honest and trying to do their best under difficult circumstances. other public official, when a police officer breaks the law, that officer must be held accountable. broken criminal justice system. areas that i believe we need to move aggressively in. when i turn on the tv and i see in some cities, small cities all over america, police departments that are heavily militarized, that look like an invading army, that is wrong. of the community. and are able to say there is a crack house down the street, where people have confidence in a police force that is working with them, not against them. concept of community policing -- making police officers part of the community. we also -- police departments are run by communities but the federal government can play a role. police departments all across america should reflect the diversity of the community they serve. force doctrine that exists in many police departments. good police officers -- i have seen it personally many times -- are able to deflect a volatile situation. that is good police work. in the middle of a fight. we should understand lethal force is the last resort, not the first. be offering legislation which ends the absurdity and injustice of private corporations making profits by building and running jails. incarceration of americans. addiction, whether it is drugs or alcohol or whatever, is a disease. is a disease. it is a serious disease that exists in my state, it exists all over this country. and we need to aggressively treat that disease and not see it as a crime. senators get calls from people who say, you know what, i am really worried about my brother. i don't know what he is going to do to himself or somebody else, but we cannot find a mental health counseling that we need and can afford. that is crazy. prison without a job, without education, without decent housing, they will go back to the environment that they got into jail in the first place. than to send them -- being deported or having their parents deported. we need to provide legal protection now for the undocumented. and we need a path towards citizenship. there was a fierce debate about whether the united states should go to war in iraq. i listened to what bush and cheney and donald rumsfeld had to say. what i said -- sadly, much of what i feared would happen did happen in terms of the destabilization of the region. and now, as you know, there is another debate about the president's plan to make certain that iran does not get a nuclear weapon. republican colleagues seem to have forgotten what the wars in iraq and afghanistan have done to our people and to our country. they forgot about the 6700 brave men and women who died. they forgot about the young men who came home without legs and arms. they forgot about the 500,000 who came home with posttraumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injuries. perfect agreement. the united states had to negotiate with five other countries. plus germany, plus iran. but, i believe we should do everything possible to see that iran does not get a nuclear weapon without going to war. quickly, how easily in a sense -- people say we don't want this agreement, we don't trust iran. we don't like iran. what they are really saying is yes, we will go to war against iran. now, a great nation is a nation that does everything possible to cultivate in this very difficult and crazy world -- nobody has any answers to all of the craziness in this world. isis and everything else. but, we should be a leader in the world in trying to resolve international conflict in a peaceful way and not in another war. we need millions of people to reach out to bring people into the political process. to make certain that our friends and family do not continue to vote against their own interests. if we were a haiti or small country, it is too bad we cannot do this. that is not america. we can join the rest of the industrialized world and guaranty health care as a right. higher education. quality health care and benefits they have earned. religion, their disability, or their sexual orientation, we can make sure that all americans realize the full potential of the quality that is our birthright as americans. by race or sexual orientation or the country we came from, there is nothing, nothing that together we cannot accomplish. thank you all very much. keep on rocking in the free world we have a thousand points of light we have a kinder, gentler machine gun hand ... textsenator sanders: thank you. well, let me begin by thanking you for inviting me to be with you today. thanking steve for his introduction, and most of all, thanking the steelworkers for their long, long support of what i've been trying to do throughout my entire political career. i don't get any money and i don't want any money from corporations. never got a nickel. thank you, guys, very, very much. real economic lesson that i learned was when i was a kid. i grew up in a home where my dad had come from poland at the age of 17 without a nickel in his pocket. never made much mother. mother graduated high school. i lived in a 3 1/2-room rent controlled apartment in brooklyn, new york, and we lived not poor, but our family lived on the financial stress as is the case with millions and millions of our families today. so the major economic lesson that i have had in my life was not in high school or college. it was as a kid understanding what financial stress does to a family, understanding that every decision that is made has got to be thought about, whether you can afford to do this or whether you can afford to do that. and that, brothers and sisters, is a lesson i have never forgotten and i never will forget. the very people. don't necessarily do what the media wants us to do but talk about real issues. just turned out yesterday, we were in iowa falls. had a few hundred people out to a meeting and i kind of opened up the discussion to ask people what was going on in their lives, what was going on in their lives in terms of trying to make it on $12,000, $13,000 a year social security. and suddenly what was it like in their lives if you can't afford the prescription drugs that you need. i want to thank the nurses, our sisters and brothers that are nurses here. treating patients who can't afford prescriptions. and i opened it up, the discussion. one woman gets up there and says the medicine her family needed -- her husband needed shot way up. shot way up to an outrageous price and we all know that tomorrow as you walk into a drugstore to refill your prescription, the price could be double or triple than what it was today. some of you have that experience, right? because the pharmaceutical industry is ripping off the american people. lot of money. the prescription drugs goes up. one woman was -- making the point, millions of people in this country -- we don't talk about it terribly much -- trying to get by on $12,000, $13,000 a year on social security. you do the arest ma particular. tell me how you -- arithmetic. tell me how you pay for prescription drugs, how do you heat your home, how do you buy the food you need on $12,000 or $13,000 a year? and the answer is exactly right, you don't. you don't. we have to cut social security benefits. now, just stop and think about it. forget politics. tell me how somebody can go around the country when we know that millions of people, seniors, disabled vets, people with disabilities, people who can't make it on $12,000, $13,000 a year and they're talking about cutting social security benefits. there's a thing that a lot of people have not heard of. it's called the chain c.p.i. it's a fancy term from washington to cut social security benefits, and it argues the theory behind it is that the colas, the cost-of-living adjustments that seniors are getting today are too generous. does anybody here know what seniors got in their cola last year? zero! too generous. got to cut it. anyhow, at iowa falls we heard from people, i'm not getting $12,000, $13,000 a year. i'm trying to live on $10,000 a year. then we heard another woman talk about what it means to have minimum wage jobs and how difficult it is to survive. and that is the reality for millions and millions of people in this country. it's a reality we don't talk enough about, and it's certainly a reality that we are not effectively addressing. now, here's the story. if we were a poor country -- and there are poor countries around the world -- you have a certain type of discussion. and you say, you know, it's unfortunate that we have to live in poverty but that's who we are. we're a poor country. we can't have good education, we can't have good health care, we can't have decent paying jobs. we're a poor country, but the truth is, as everybody here knows, the united states of america is not a poor country. we are the wealthiest country in the history of the world. but -- but most people don't know that because almost all of the new wealth and income is going to the top 1%. and brothers and sisters, what a sanders administration is about is a very radical idea. you ready for a radical idea? we're going to create an economy that works for working families, not just billionaires. room knows, technology has exploded. almost every worker in america is more productive than he or she was 20 years, 30 years ago, right? you're producing more. question -- if you are more productive, if we are producing more, why are millions of people working longer hours for lower wages?... text senator sanders: why is almost all income and wealth going to a small number of people? senator sanders: it's a smart group here. and that's what we're going to deal with. so we are going to tell billionaires who pay an effective tax rate lower than many of you do, we're going to tell large multinational corporations who make billions of dollars a year in profit and stash their money in the cayman islands and bermuda and in a given year may pay zero in federal income taxes, we're going to tell them that it is time for them to accept their responsibility as americans to start paying their fair share of taxes. dollars in new revenue, you know what we're going to do with that? we're going to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure and create millions of decent paying jobs. you tell me why our roads, our bridges, our water systems, our waste water plants, our levees, our dams, our airports, our rail system are deteriorating or crumbling?... text senator sanders: all right. we need to invest in a $1 trillion investment, which i believe we should make, creates 13 million decent paying jobs. -- because the steelworkers are one of the great unions in our country. you understand the history of the trade union movement. and you understand that change, real change never comes from the top on down. it always comes from the bottom on up. well, i think it's a great idea for workers to have a union. we'd love to sit down and do some collective bargaining with you. because we think that's fair and that's right. that's not the way it happened. the way it happened is way back when workers went on strike, workers fought and workers died, workers were beaten, workers were fired from their jobs in order to make sure that working people could organize, could engage in collective bargaining, could sit down at a table and fight for decent wages and decent working conditions. that's the history of the trade union movement. and we should be proud of that. but what all of you know is that over the last several decades, despite the fact that millions of workers want to join a union, it has become harder and harder for workers to in fact create unions, to become members of unions. you know and i know that employers have acted illegally with the support of the nlrb so that if workers tried to organize the organizers there would be fired and if by some miracle people actually did organize a union, employers would refuse to engage in a first contract, collective bargaining. and that is why i believe that the middle class does not grow unless the trade union movement grows. prosper unless workers are engaged in strong collective bargaining. now, what a lot of people, what a lot of nonunion people don't understand is that to the degree they get anywhere near decent wages, it has a lot to do with the success of the trade union movement. because you're driving wages up. in any case, after decades of illegal action on the part of employers, it seems to me we have got to make it easier, not harder, for workers to join unions. that's why we have introduced a new piece of legislation and it says very simply that if 50% of workers in a unit plus one sign a card saying they want to be in a union, they will have a union. plaws -- not going to tell you that every worker in america wants to join a union, but what i will tell you is that millions of them do. millions of them understand that workers who have a union get better wages, better working conditions and better benefits. and our job is to say that the american people must be able to exercise their constitutional right to organize unions without illegal impediments on the part of employers, and that is what i intend to do. let me thank all of the men and women in this room and in this country for their service to our country. country. and here's a promise i make. is that we will do our best, absolute best, and there should not be any debate about this if you're a progressive, democrat or republican. when people put their lives on the line to defend this country and they come home, they are going to get the best health care available, they're going to get the benefits that they earned. i believe that when millions of seniors and disabled vets are struggling to get by on $12,000 or $13,000 a year, it is not good enough to say -- and i've led the effort on this, that we're not going to cut social security. that is an abomination. what we must do is say, of course we're not going to cut social security, but we are going to expand social security benefits. it is not complicated. right now somebody makes $5 million a year, somebody makes $118,000 a year, they both contribute the same amount into the social security trust fund. if you lift that cap and you start at $250,000 and above, top 1.5% of the american people, what we can do is increase social security benefits for those now living under $16,000 a year by $1,300 a year. that's not insignificant for people who are struggling. years. now, that is my view. i think -- i think that at a time of massive income and wealth inequality, when the wealthy are getting much wealthier, you know what, i think it is just appropriate, just right to lift that cap and ask the wealthiest people in this country to make sure that all seniors can live in dignity. you all know who wrote these trade agreements. not complicated. the steelworkers did not write these trade agreements. they are written by corporate america to benefit corporate america, people who could care less about what these trade agreement sds to working families. -- agreements did to working families. here's what they've done. since 2001 in america, we have lost 60,000 factories. got that? in my state, in iowa, all across this country, 60,000 factories. not all of that, to be fair, is attributable to trade. there are other reasons factories shut down, but a lot of it is attributable to trade. and when you lose 60,000 factories, many of them attributable to disastrous trade agreements, you're talking about the loss of millions of good-paying american jobs. $30 an hour, provide decent benefits, negotiate with unions, protect the environment, why would any corporation want to do that when they could shut down in america, throw people out on the street, move to china, move to mexico, move to low-wage countries, pay people pennies an hour, not have to worry about the environment, not have to do deal with unions and they can bring their products right back in this country?... text senator sanders: the simple truth is, and it's indisputable, these trade agreements have been a disaster for working families in this country. they have benefited the c.e.o.'s of large multinational corporations. no one can deny that reality. i am proud to tell you that way back when i was on the picket line in opposition to nafta and helped lead the opposition against all these trade agreements. i got to tell you also. these trade agreements have been supported not just by republicans but by some democrats as well. we got to acknowledge that. where we are today is to say when our country is deindustrializing -- do you know what i mean by that? when you tell me, how are we a great nation if we're not purchasing the products that we need that are made in our country? can you be a great country? can you be a great country where everything you buy is made in china? i don't think so. i don't think so. and by the way -- this is another important point to be made. it is not only the loss of jobs, it is what we call the race to the bottom. so here's what's going on. people are saying -- and this is a good thing. people are saying, well, you know what, we're seeing an uptick in manufacturing in america. good. take a look at the wages that those new manufacturing jobs are paying. there was once a time when manufacturing jobs, unionized manufacturing jobs were the gold standard for the working class of this country. you had a good job in a manufacturing plant, you had a union, you were making middle-class wages and middle-class benefits. but then -- i tell you a story. a couple years ago in louisville, kentucky, general electric announced they were expanding their manufacturing capabilities creating a couple hundred jobs. some people were very excited about it. and they asked this guy from g.e. why are you doing this? he said, well, it turns out that if you add all of the these things together, transportation costs and the fact that wages in america have gone down, it is actually more competitive to do manufacturing in america now than in china because wages have gone down so much so they're paying people in manufacturing $10, $12 an hour. now, if manufacturing workers are getting paid $10, $12 an hour, what do you think other people are getting working? this is a race to the bottom. not to bring chinese wages up to where we are, it's to bring our wages down to where chinese wages were. i have nothing against workers in vietnam. i was there. they work very hard. minimum wage in approximate vietnam is 65 cents an -- minimum wage in vietnam is 65 cents an hour. i do not want american workers to have to compete against people who are making 65 cents an hour. we have to understand that our trade policies have failed and we have to begin an entirely new set of policies. and the bottom line for me is that every major corporation in america wants all of us to buy their products. can't turn on the tv, buy this, buy that, buy that. well, if they want us to buy their products, they damn well better start manufacturing those products back in the united states and not in china. i'm glad our brothers and sisters from the nurses union -- and we thank you so much for your support. these are serious people who want to be able to do their job as well as they can. all right. thank you job is to prevent disease. their job is to take care of people who are sick, but right now they and many, many other people in the health care profession are unable to do the job that they were trained to do. now, i think the affordable care act has made some important steps forward and one important step forward that we are not going to allow to go forward is the so-called cadillac tax. we will continue to push that back. workers who gave up wage increases and other benefits for decent health care should not be penalized for those sacrifices. supported, did a couple -- number of good things. it did away with this obscenity called pre-existing conditions. you all know what that is? there's private insurance obscenity which said if you had a disease years ago they would not cover you for the disease that you needed coverage for. like getting fire insurance except if you have a fire, then they don't pay. got rid of that. we have expanded health insurance to some 17 million americans. we have made it fairer for women who are forced to pay higher rates than they should have for the crime of being a woman. so we kind of eliminated that. but having said that, here's the reality of health care today, and what our campaign is about is asking the american people to think big, not small. here we are. the united states of america today is the only major country on earth -- the only one that doesn't guarantee health care to all people as a right. they do it in england. they do it in france, do it in germany, do it all over scandinavia. i live 50 miles away from the canadian border. every major country does it. 29 million people today have no health insurance at all. millions more have high deductibles and high co-payments. sound familiar. ok. and by the way, we pay by far the highest prices in the world for prescription drugs. are at a time when one in five americans are unable to afford the prescription drugs their doctors are prescribing, at a time when seniors are cutting their pills in half because they can't afford to buy what they need, the three major drug companies in america last year made $45 billion in profit. because they are so powerful, because they provide millions of dollars in lobbying and campaign contributions, because they have 1,400 lobbyists in washington, d.c., there is no legislation on the books to prevent them from doubling, tripling, graduate rupeling the price -- quadrupling the price you pay for medicine. they are getting away with murder and in some cases they are committing murder. we are hearing from oncologists who are hearing from cancer patients and they're telling us our cancer patients can't afford the medicine that they need. we are dealing in some cases with folks who have hepatitis c , new drug, very effective drug out, do you know what that costs? $1,000 a pill. what we have got to tell the pharmaceutical industry -- now, let me back up and tell you a story for a minute. late 1990's, late 1990's, when i represented vermont in the congress, i took a bus load of women from northern vermont over the canadian border to montreal, and the reason we went is that i knew that prescription drugs in canada were much less expensive. women who were dealing with breast cancer, working class women, walked into the pharmacy, they purchased the breast cancer medicine that they needed -- this is not generic. brand name medicine for .1 the price they're paying in the united states. i was the first member of congress to do that. others followed. now millions of people, by the way, get their medicine from canada. we should not have to get medicine from canada. pharmaceutical industry has got to stop ripping us off. almost three times more than they do in the united kingdom where they guarantee health care to all of their people. we are spending 50% more than the french who guarantee health care to all of their people. much more than the canadians who guarantee -- health care to all of their people. it seems to me that the time is now for us to say loudly and clearly that in the united states of america, health care is a right for all people. to be able to treat everybody in a comprehensive way, we're going to save the middle class many millions of thousands a year on health care costs. nine months ago, and when we began it i think we were at 3%, 4% in the polls. we didn't have any money. we didn't have any organization, and frankly not so many people outside of vermont knew who bernie sanders was. but the message that we have been bringing forth to the american people, a message which says that the economy today is rigged, that it benefits the wealthy and the powerful at the expense of everybody else, that the campaign finance system that exists today is corrupt and undermining american democracy -- and here we are in iowa, and one week from yesterday there will be the first caucus in the country. i believe that we have an excellent chance to win that caucus if -- and here is the if. if we have a large voter turnout. all of us and not a handful of campaign contributors, if those people come out and vote, we will win and we'll win big. other campaigns, not just because of the fact that i am perhaps the most progressive member of the senate and my agenda in this campaign is the most progressive. this campaign is more than that. and that is what i say every single day and i repeat to you now from the bottom of my heart. no president, not bernie sanders, not anybody else, can do it alone. all right. now, i want to tell you a painful truth that you understand as proud trade unionists, but not all people in america understand, and that is the powers that be -- wall street, whose greed and recklessness and illegal behavior brought this country into the worst economic downturn since the great depression, they have endless supplies of money, endless. in fact, somebody on wall street now i think just announced is going to spend $600,000 in ads against me here in iowa this week. $600,000 from one guy. .... textsenator sanders: thank you. thank you all very much. for coming out on a beautiful sunday morning to do something very, very radical. are you ready for radical activity?... text senator sanders: we are going to practice democracy. how's that? i understand is we do not grow the middle class of this country without a strong trade union movement and i am pledged to do everything i can to make sure that happens. and i know we talk a lot about the great football players and the great basketball and baseball players of this country, we pay them huge amounts of money. you know what? we do not pay enough attention and we do not think people like jeff for the work that they do. -- we do not thank people like jeff for the work that they do. and went i announced it, people were very polite, but no one thought we had a chance to do anything. a lot has happened in the last four and a half months. and i think the reason is the issues we are talking about our issues that are resonating with the american people. needless to say, having gone all across this country and having talked to many people, i hear many remarks. people are very generous. one remark that stands in my mind, a young man in the west coast. he came up to me. he said, barney, thank you. you are treating us like we are intelligent -- bernie, thank you. you are treating us like we are intelligent human beings. unfortunately, is a game of polling people, names, and attacking people every day. if i trip leaving the stage it will be a front-page story. the picture of me being facedown on the ground, or if i were to start viciously attacking hillary clinton, it would be on the front pages. but i don't do that. i don't do that because i think as a nation we have a lot of work in front of us in order to focus on the most important issues facing our country. and what democracy is about is laying those issues on the table, understanding that honest people can differ with us, have different points of view, but debating those issues and seeing how we go forward in order to resolve them. it ain't more complicated than that, and that is what i have been trying to do in this campaign. although, thank you, new hampshire. we are doing pretty well here. it a step further, and how we transform america in the direction we think it needs to go. confident no other presidential candidate will tell you. and this is sometimes hard for people to grasp or to feel good about, but it is the simple truth. if bernie sanders -- it doesn't matter in a certain sense who is elected president unless there is a political revolution in this country of many, many millions of people who are coming together, standing up and saying loudly and clearly, i enough is enough. people say, wait a second. you know, this country belongs to all of us and not just to a handful of billionaires who can make huge campaign contributions . now the point that i make is that no president -- not bernie sanders or anybody else -- can do it alone, is because of the following reasons. wall street, corporate america, the koch brothers, huge campaign contributors have enormous power. and if you think that any president -- you sent me to the oval office, i could say to wall street, well, guys, i think it's important you start paying a tax on wall street speculation so are their kids 11 opportunity to go to public colleges and universities tuition free, and they will say, hey, bernie, that's a great idea! why didn't we think of that? you got it, man! we will spend millions to make sure that we have a tax on wall street speculation. and when i go to corporate america and i say, hey, maybe it's a good idea not to continue to shut down manufacturing plants in new hampshire and vermont and send our jobs to low-wage countries abroad, they say, listen, why didn't we think of that, bernie? fantastic idea. i will tell you what we will do tomorrow. it doesn't happen like that. it does not happen like that. everybody in this room knows the only way real change takes place is when millions of people at the grassroots level come together and fight back. didn't just occur -- it occurred because some thought and died in the struggle to say we will end racism in the united states of america. that is how it happened. combating racism, but that's how progress is made. we have made in norma's steps forward in terms of fighting sexism in this country because women from over 100 years have stood up with their male allies and said, we are not going to judge people based on their gender. we are going to try to break down sexism in america and give all of our people in equal opportunity. it did not happen because we had a couple of good senators. it happened because millions of people said enough is enough. or 50 or 100 years ago -- if you look at what has happened in terms of gay rights in america, in the last 10 years, that is extraordinary. and that happened because people in the gay community stood up. they got arrested. they got beaten. and they worked with their straight alleys and they said, hey, in the united states of america we are going to be judged in the united states of america on our character and not our sexual orientation. how change takes place. so, what this campaign is about kind of uniquely -- yes, of course i am here today to ask for your support in the new hampshire primary. yes, i am here to ask for your support to help me win the democratic nomination and im asking for your support to help make me president of the united states. but also what i am asking you is to be with me, not just for the election. you've got to be with me the day after the election. powerful. but at the end of the day, when millions of people stand up and fight back, we win. because while they may have the money, they may have the power, we have the people. and when people stand together, we win. the issues on the minds of the american people. then we will stop. we will take your questions and your comments. to my mind, it is important for all of us to understand that we live in the wealthiest nation in the history of the world. that is where we are today. most people don't know that. why don't they know that? they are too busy working two or three jobs. they are too busy being one of the 45 million people living in poverty to really know that. they do not know it because almost all of the new income and wealth is going to the top 1%. now income and wealth inequality has got to be brought out into the open and we are going to address this issue. income and wealth inequality than any other major industrialized nation on earth and at any time since 1928. in america today, the top 1/10 of 1%. 1/10 of 1% owns almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. in america today, 58% of all new income and created -- you know, people working crazy hours, long jobs, seven days a week, 58% of all new income created is going to the top 1%. in america today, you got one family. the walton family of walmart, owning more wealth than the bottom 49% of the american people. in my view, that is a rigged economy, not an economy that works for american workers. it has got to change. it is a straightforward message, and that is you cannot have it all. children in america are going hungry. you cannot continue to send our jobs to china and other low-wage countries when millions of americans desperately need decent paying jobs. you are not going to continue to give the ceo's of large corporations huge compensation packages at the same time you cut the wages and health care benefits and the pensions of your employees. your greed is going to end, and we are going to end it for you. inequality we have got to address. we have to put these issues on the table because if we are not discussing them, we are not going to resolve them. i think everyone who is fair-minded understands the economy today is far, far better than it was when george bush left office. all right? that is a fact. to me the kind of amnesia of these guides have. every problem in the world -- it's too hot, it's too cold, it's raining, it's not raining -- it's all barack obama's fault . it's unbelievable. i never knew that one person had so much power to create so many problems. they seem to have forgotten. i don't know why it is. maybe they suffer short-term amnesia. they seem to have forgotten that when obama came into office we were losing 800 thousand jobs a month. 800,000 jobs. and these guys are like, well, we are growing 175,000 jobs a month -- not enough. yes, true, not enough. but it is a hell of a lot better than losing 800,000 jobs a month. largest deficit in the history of the country, 1.4 trillion dollars. much lower today than it was then. forgot to tell us when bush left office, after all of the trickle down economics, after all of the deregulation, the american and world financial system was on the verge of collapse. and economists were worried you would stick your credit card into an atm machine and nothing would come out. that is the economy obama inherited, and we should not forget that. have seen in this country is the disappearance of the american middle class. young people don't know that because they live in the world of today. many of us who are older do see the long picture. what we know today is that median family income is almost $5,000 less than it was in 1999. we know that male workers is making some $700 less in inflation-adjusted income than he was 42 years ago. women are making $1300 less today than they made in 2007. how doesn't happen when you have an explosion of technology that despite all of that people are working longer hours for lower wages. and my answer is that we are going to create an economy not to make the rich richer about to expand the middle class. off in a few minutes and it will be quite a show. i wouldn't do that. i don't want to embarrass the other guys here. discussion it deserves which is the issue of unemployment. every month the government comes out with a bunch of statistics on unemployment. than one -- the one you mostly see is official unemployment which is about 5.1%. who knows what is wrong with that? where is that an adequate any guesses? good. it does not count people who have given up work, looking for work, and it does not include the millions of people working part time when they want to work full-time. there are a lot of people in that category. what is called real unemployment in america is over 10%. the second point which we do not talk about at all, and i'm trying to push discussion on it and i'm not getting much help from the media here. that is use unemployment. about six weeks ago, i asked the economic policy institute to do a study for me. it's a kid graduated high school -- not a dropout -- between the ages of 17 and 20, if that kid is white real unemployment rate is 33%, hispanic 36 send, african-american 51% -- hispanic 36%. for high school graduates all over this country we have turned our back on kids who want to stand up on their own two feet, get out, get a job, become adults. we are saying, sorry, there are no jobs for many of you. that we segue to another issue of a norma's consequence that we also don't talk enough about. i hope every person in this room knows that we have more people in jail they on any other country on earth. did you all know that? china, an authoritarian communist country -- they are not all that liberal, you know. they are three times our size. we have more people in jail than china. what is the correlation between high youth unemployment and incarceration? we have kids here in new hampshire, vermont, hanging out on street corners getting themselves in trouble, doing drugs, etc. so in my view it makes a lot more sense for this country to be investing in education, in jobs, rather than in jails and incarceration. dollars to keep someone in jail for a year. think of the money we could use to work with them. you will not drop out of school. you are not going to be hanging out on street corners. we will be saving taxpayers money. it's the rational approach. that's the thinking we have to go forward with. together enough income and health care to take care of their family. how is that? the answer is fairly obvious. all across this country, millions of people are working for wages that are just too download. that's the fact. -- too damn low. that's the fact. weeks. it's not enough to take care of a family let alone one person. the minimum wage today is a starvation wage. it has to be raised to a living wage, $15 per hour, over the next several years. they should not be living in poverty. there is another issue tied to raising the minimum wage and that is that i sincerely hope that every man in this room will stand with the women and fight for pay equity with women workers. making $.78 on the one dollar compared to men. when we raise the minimum wage and when we have pay a quitting, what we will also do is give some hope -- when we have pay equity, we will give some hope to single moms were struggling desperately to raise their kids with dignity. that's what we have to do. when you see single moms raising kids and you see how hard they work, it's quite amazing to me. in new hampshire, you have, for better or worse, and a lot of politicians and some of them are republicans. you have heard, no doubt, time after time republican candidates concerns about family values. right? family values. they stay up nights worrying about family. all of you know what they mean by family values and what they mean is that women in america should not have the right to control their own bodies -- i disagree. disagree. 27 years. and we believe strongly in family values and strengthening values. our views are a little bit different than the republicans. i start off when i talk about family values demanding that we end international embarrassment of being the only major country on earth that does not guarantee paid family and medical leave. vermont, all over this country women are giving birth. you know what an extraordinary moment in your lives that is -- unforgettable. it's also a pretty big day for the baby. mom wants to do which is to spend time with her babies, getting to know her baby, love her baby, on her baby. dad will be there, too and what is the most important time of a human being's life. but if that mom does not have the money. if she is low income or working-class, what she is forced to do after one week or two weeks is put that baby aside and go back to work in order to earn enough income to take care of the family. forcing women to separate from their newborn babies is not a family value. world in guaranteeing at least 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave. letter word -- j-o-b-s. they know if you are in a worker you could be replaced tomorrow by a younger worker for half the wages. they know if you are a college graduate it's really hard to find a job answer it with your education. -- commiserate with your education. they know if you are a dropout it's very hard to find any work at any wage. when you have real unemployment in this country of 10%, youth unemployment off the charts, what i think is we need a massive federal jobs program to put millions of people back to work. teachers. america, roads, bridges, rail, airports, water plants, wastewater plants that in many parts of this country are crumbling. they need an enormous amount of work. when you have millions of people who need work and an infrastructure that's crumbling, common sense says we invest in rebuilding our crumbling infrastructure and create millions of jobs doing that. an obviously important. not only should we be creating millions of new, decent paying jobs, we have got to prevent the loss of millions of jobs as a result of our disastrous trade policies. relations with china and will help lead the opposition to this disastrous transpacific partnership. who wants to know how we rebuild the middle class, how we lower property rates, how we put people to work with decent paying jobs has got to take a hard look at wall street. wall street, as all of you know, through their greed, their recklessness, their illegal behavior, jerome this country into the worst economic downturn since the great depression. millions of people are still feeling the impact of what wall street did. here's what's interesting. the congress, against i vote, voted to aol wall street because they were "too big to fail." if they went down, half the economy would go with them. today three out of four of the largest financial institutions in america today are significantly larger than they were when we build them out because they were too big to fail. you have the six largest banks in this country issuing more than two thirds of all credit card and over 35% of all mortgages. that type of concentration in wealth and power is not a positive thing for our economy. if teddy roosevelt, the old trust buster, was alive today, he would say break them up. i agree with teddy roosevelt and that's exactly what we've got to do. discussion. delineate just one issue, but i will tell you one issue that is unique in that it impacts every other issue that we face as a nation, so let me be as blunt as i can be in telling you what i think most of you already know. as a result of the disastrous supreme court decision in the citizens united case, the american political system -- and i use these words advisedly, has been totally corrupted and the foundations of american democracy are being undermined. here in new hampshire and my state of vermont, since the inception of our states we have had town meetings and rooms like this. people come together and they argue about the school budget, the roads, and then they vote. one person, one vote. that's called democracy where i come from. what we have now is a result of this supreme court decision where they said to the wealthiest people in this country, ok. you already own much of the economy of america so now we will allow you to own and by the united states government and that is precisely what they are doing now. what that means is that virtually every presidential candidate has a super pac and the reason they have super pac's is that millionaires and billionaires can spend unlimited sums of money on those campaigns. and then on top of that, you have the koch brothers, the second wealthiest family in america, a family that wants to and a social security, and medicare and medicaid, the environmental protection agency spending in this election cycle alone some $900 million. that is more money than either the democratic party or the republican party will spend. when you have one family spending more than either of the two major political parties, my friends, you are not looking at democracy. you are looking at an oligarchy and that has got to change. court will get that position unless he or she is hot and clear in saying that they will overturn citizens united. -- unless he or she is loud and clear in saying that they will overturn citizens united area. hampshire and i know that every person in this room in new hampshire and throughout this country is very concerned about education. we all understand that we live in a highly competitive global economy. we all know -- it does not take rocket scientist to figure it out -- that if we do not have the best educated workforce in the world but it will be very hard or our economy to grow, be strong, create the kinds of jobs we want for our kids and grandchildren. it is beyond comprehension how we have a situation today where hundreds of thousands of bright, qualified young people who have the ability to go to college, who have the desire to go to college, cannot go to college for one simple reason -- their family lacks the money. for those who want to make it in the middle class become engineers, scientists, doctors, teachers. i will fight to make sure that every public college and university in america is tuition free. in america it existed but i'm going to do it for the kids in this elementary school here in seabrook, new hampshire. i grew up in a family where my mom and dad never went to college. all over america you have kids with low income working class kids and they don't know anybody who did go to college. the idea sitting here in the fifth grade that they might someday go to college is about as distant as the idea that they may go to the moon. what our job is today is to say every child in america with her you are in fourth, eighth, sixth grade if you study hard, if you take school seriously, if you do well in school -- yes, you will be able to go to college regardless of the income of your families. country who will now know if they study hard they will have a good future. when we talk about higher education, there's another issue we've got to address and it's the absurdity of millions of people in this country, young and not so young, who are struggling under horrendous levels of student debt. in my mind it makes no sense for people to be carrying interest rates on their student date of 6%, 8%, 10% when they can refinance their homes at 2%, three percent, 4% and our legislation will allow them to do that. student debt who cannot buy a car, buy home, sometimes cannot get married or have kids. that's a crazy. we need to leave our planet habitable and healthy for our children and grandchildren. over. climate change is real. climate change is caused by human activity. climate change today -- look at the wildfires in california, the heat wave in pakistan -- climate change is already causing devastating problems in our country and around the world. if we do not get our act together the situation will become much worse in years to come. the scientists are saying if we continue business as usual, by the end of the century, imagine this, the planet earth will be 5-10 degrees warmer than it is today. more drought, more floods, more extreme weather disturbances more rising sea levels, more international war and conflict as people fight for international resources to grow their crops. in my view, we have a moral responsibility to leave the world, work with china, russia, india, all over this globe to move towards energy efficiency and sustainable and -- sustainable energy. people to think big, not small. to not get in the mindset in which we debate whether we cut education by 2% or 4%, to get not into the mindset of whether we do this little thing were that little thing, to understand that in the wealthiest country in the history of the world if we stand together there is nothing that we cannot accomplish. let me give you one example. the united states of america today is the only major wealthy country on earth that does not guarantee health care to all people as a right. we are the only ones. of good things. we have significantly increased the number of people who have health insurance. we've just and down the numbers of uninsured. but at the end of the day, we still have 30 million americans without any health insurance and many of you who may have insurance have high deductibles and high copayments. yet at the end of all of that, as a nation, we and up spending far more than any other country per capita on health care. in my view, the united states of america should guarantee health care to all of our people as a right. we can do it in a cost-effective way by moving toward a medicare for all single-payer program. do. i'm the ranking member of the democratic opposition on the budget committee. i want to take the second the talk about values which is reflected in the federal budget which then goes to the appropriations committee. some of you may know, but most of you do not, the nature of the republican budget that passed the congress. at a time when 30 million americans still have no health insurance they voted to and of the affordable care act, make massive cuts in medicaid, throat 27 million people off of health insurance. they have no response. not one of them. you will notice in the recent debate nobody talked about the fact that 30 million americans have no health insurance. millions more are underinsured. it's not their concern. and then when you talk about the republican budget at a time when millions of working class families are struggling to figure out how they will send their kids to college, republican budget over 10 years cutting health grants by $90 billion. and then, when you talk about the reality that millions of families in this country where the breadwinner is making $10 an hour cannot afford to feed their family adequately, republican budget cut nutrition programs including the program for low income pregnant women and their babies by many billions of dollars. and then to add insult to injury, to tell you really what their priorities are of the republican party, after cutting health care, education, nutrition they provided over $250 billion in tax breaks to the top 0.2%. brothers and sisters, those are not the priorities of the american people and we will not accept that. coming before us telling us we have to cut social security, let me tell you that i will not cut social security. we have millions of seniors trying to survive on $13,000 per year. in fact, what we are going to do is lift the cap on taxable income and expand social security benefits -- not cut them. racism in this country, but there is no doubt in my mind that we still have a very, very long way to go. when i talk about racism, i'm not just talking about a very sick person who walks into a charleston, s.c., prayer session who prays with people in the room and takes out a gun to kill line of them because of the color of their skin is different than his. i'm not even talking about the hundreds of groups in this country, hate groups, whose whole function and existence is to promote hatred against blacks, gays, immigrants, jews, catholics, anyone who is different than they are. i'm also talking about the sad truth that for many, many years you have unarmed african americans killed while in police custody. that is unacceptable and that has got to change. country. i was the mayor of burlington for eight years and i worked very closely with our police department and the vast majority of police officers in this country work hard. many of them are underpaid, overworked. many have crazy schedules which impact their families and they are trying to do their best under very difficult circumstances, but like any other public official, when a police officer breaks the law, that officer must be held accountable. have 11 million people in this country who are undocumented and, in my view, we should not be demagogue in this people. we should not be attacking them in a vicious language. we should not be calling them rapists and criminals when the vast majority of them are hard-working. in night view, what we need to do in this country is moved towards comprehensive immigration reform and a path towards citizenship. dangerous world. turn on the tv and you see things that make you nauseous. cutting off people's heads, turning children into sexual slaves. horrible, horrible things. i will tell you -- anyone who says they have a magical solution to these problems is not telling you the truth. i heard what george w. bush and dick cheney and donald rumsfeld had to say about iraq back in 2002. i listened to what they said. i analyzed to what they said and i concluded that they were not telling the truth. back then about my fears of what would happen in terms of the destabilization of that region, a lot of what i said turned out to be true. right now, we have another global situation, foreign policy situation. i believe it's imperative that i'm ron not get a -- iran not get eight nuclear weapon. what we've got to do is everything we can to achieve that goal without going to war. but i think a great nation like ours should do everything possible to resolve international conflict without going to war understanding that war is the last resort not the first resort. it's probably a topic there as it is a year. let me conclude by saying this. we are the wealthiest nation in the world, we are a smart people and an incredibly hard-working people. if we do not let some divide us up by whether we are black or white or hispanic or asian, if we do not allow them to divide us up into whether we are a man or woman whether we are gay or whether we are straight whether we're born in this country are born somewhere else, when we stand together there is nothing that we cannot accomplish. everything that i've told you, this is not utopian, this is stuff that exists in many cases in other countries around the world. what we've got to do to make these things happen please engage in a political revolution which says that millions of our friends who don't know who have given up on the political process, they have got to get involved they got to start standing up and fighting not only for themselves but for their kids and their parents. to spend as much time discussing the important issues facing our country as we do worried about the newington patriots. i would not ask that of you. that is too much. but at least let's reach out to our friends and say we are fighting for the future of this country let stand together and make this political revolution. thank you all very much. senator sanders: thank you. senator sanders: thank you. excellent question. it's funny. vermont and new hampshire on issues of civil liberties and privacy, i think we feel very strongly. stronger than many other parts of the country. i've honestly heard people say to me i don't care. i'm not a terrorist what do i care. i think that's a pretty sad statement. i think the privacy rights, the right to know that you can live your life read whatever you want to read, that's your business it's not the government. by the way it's not just the government it's not corporate america's business as well. they have... text more information know couple of things. it is clear to everybody or should be the technology as far outpaced public policy. you know that this little thingamajig here enables somebody to know exactly where i am at this moment. that's a fact. between the governments intercepting of your phone calls and logging them and between corporate america knowing everything you buy and maybe getting into your medical records in your banking records, i think we've seen a huge invasion of civil liberties and our constitutional rights and american privacy. let me just say this to you. number one you are looking at a guy when it was not popular, this was after 9/11 i voted against the usa patriot act. and that was not popular. i voted against the reauthorization because i believe -- do i believe the terrorism of the real threat to this country? i surely do. there are people who want to hurt us and we have to do everything we can to protect our people, but i happen to believe we can do that without undermining the constitution of the united states and the privacy rights of the american people. there is an enormous amount of work that has to be done public policy has not kept up with technology. technology is exploding every single day. in my view, the american people should be allowed to live their lives without the government and corporate america knowing as much about them as they currently do.... text the legislative process? senator sanders: i think it's a little more complicated than that to be honest with you. i do believe that technology and social media and the internet have radically transformed the nature of american society. from a very personal point of view, my campaign would not be doing as well as it is if we were not communicating with many millions of people through social media. i would answer your question in saying i think we've got to expand the ability of the american people to communicate with their members of congress and as president i would certainly do that, but i don't think that you can just run the government through the internet. i'm old-fashioned enough to believe we should be electing people to represent us. we have introduced legislation to make voting day a national holiday. we done that. we have one of the lower board -- voter turnouts of any major country on earth. a lot of reasons for it, but clearly in every way we should try to make it easier for people to participate in the political process not harder. you are very kind and your second question about what we call voter suppression. it is not questionable it is not hard to understand why certain states i.e. republican states with republican governors and republican legislatures are in fact making it harder for people to vote. i will tell you. i run for office, i have to go out to the people of my state and tell them what i believe. it has never once occurred to me to figure out a way to make it hard for people to vote because they might disagree with me. that's cowardly. for all those governors and all those legislatures who are figuring out how you can make it harder for people to vote if you don't have the guts to defend your political ideas get a new job. dismaying thing that is going on in congress right now a congress which is controlled by a very right-wing republican party as they prefer to give huge tax breaks to the very wealthiest people in this country rather than invest in education and in scientific research. if we look at medicine america where we are today we know that if we don't get a handle and try to come up with some kind of effective cure or treatment for alzheimer's were going to be spending unbelievable sums of money. we know we are seeing a next lotion and diabetes and and other illnesses. i think obviously both in terms of trying to save lives prevent suffering, and by the way let me throw in another issue maybe not your issue of another issue mental health issues. we have a huge mental health crisis. investing in trying to understand the causation of those illnesses and figure out ways we can treat them is that human and smart thing to do. and by the way saves us money. the last point i would make on that i want everybody here to know that in america we pay by far the highest prices in the world for prescription drugs. one out of five americans go to the doctor of the doctorate superscription and you can't afford to fill it. what sense is that? we've got to demand that we have legislation. to make sure that the pharmaceutical industry in this country stops ripping off the american people. couple more.... text senator sanders: this is insanity. i gather the question is working to do about it. everything being equal, you will leave school deeply in debt and pay an 8% interest rate and probably pay 20 to 25% of the income that you're earning when you leave school. it's going to tire hands as to what you can do in your life and limit your opportunities. i have talked in my state to a young woman whose crime in life was that she went to medical school and just our primary care physician working with low income people. exactly the kind of doctors that we need. her death was $300,000. we have a major dental crisis in america. not enough dentists, not affordable dentistry. i talked to a young woman in iowa, left dental school $400,000 in debt. there's a lot that we can do. let me summarize by saying you should not be paying 8.2% interest rates. what sense is it if you go out and get home and you want to refinance your home you can do it at two or 3%. why should you be second eight or 10%? what our legislation does two things. number one it says to you is go out and get the lowest interest rate that you can they will be a hell of a lot lower than 8.2%. you will be frozen. number two the federal government should not be making aliens of dollars in profits if we do those two things, it will substantially lower yours -- total student debt, what you have to pay off. people say to me burning your to make public colleges and universities tuition free and lower student at, how are you going to pay for that? it's expensive? we will pay for it by putting attacks on wall street speculation. when wall street crashed the middle class in this country bailed them out. it's wall street's turn to help the middle class. last question.... text that? senator sanders: let me tell you this. on the issue of internships, in many ways it is a modern form of explication. and i will be honest with you. i did not fully appreciate that until a few years ago. someone indicated me on sis you. here's the story and i think it's relevant to your western. if a person comes from a family that has money that person can in turn for nothing make contacts learn what he or she has to learn right and apply for a job. and they say look i interned here and you get hired. what happens if you don't have a lot of money? are you going to be able to do an internship or zero pay? you can do that. what i learned from that. we change our policies in washington. we have interns in my senate office. those -- most interns in washington are paid zero. we now pay them the highest rates in any office for just that reason. not the 12 bucks an hour is high on the hall, but at least they can stay alive while getting their internship experience. let me thank you all for being our here this morning. it's good discussion, we have in enormous amount of work to do. i think we stand a very good chance of winning here in new hampshire with your help. if we do well here in new hampshire i think we will we're going to have a path toward victory and we're going to make history and we will make a political revolution wally make history. thank you all very much.mr. sanders: thank you. thank you all very much for inviting me to be with you today , and thank you all for the work that you do every single day making this country a better country for working people, for low-income people, for women, and for all of those people who are struggling to make ends meet. thank you for what you are doing. and let's be thank our friends from minnesota for hosting this event and for giving us some of the great political leaders of the last century, including our great friend, paul wellstone. i understand that there are republicans who proclaim how much they love america, but at the same time, how much they hate the people who work in our government or who are involved in the political process. i disagree. in my view, what you are doing, participating in the political process, trying to make this country a better country for all of our people, is the most patriotic thing we can do as americans, and i applaud you all. when i announced my candidacy for president less than four months ago, i think it is fair to say that few took that candidacy seriously. in fact, the word "fringe" was heard more than once. but i think it is also fair to say that a lot has changed in the last few months. campaign, including of people and working people who have not been previously involved in the political process. more than 100,000 americans have signed up to volunteer on bernie 2016. we have received more individual campaign contributions than any other presidential campaign. some 400,000. and in this day of superpacs and huge campaign contributions, i am very proud to tell you that our average campaign contribution is $31.20. this is a people's campaign. most importantly, i believe that few wuiill that the issues we are running on are generating and enormous amount of enthusiasm and that our grassroots campaign, which is calling for a political revolution, is striking a chord all over america. my friends, my friends, the republican party did not win the midterm election in november. we lost that election. they did not win. we lost, because voter turnout was abysmally embarrassingly low and millions of working people, young people, and people of color gave up on politics as usual, and they stayed home. that is the fact. and let me be as clear as i can be. in my view, democrats will not retain the white house, will not regain the senate or the u.s. house, will not be successful in dozens of governors races all across this country unless we generate excitement and momentum and produced a huge voter turnout. with all due respect -- and i do not mean to insult anyone here -- that turnout, that enthusiasm will not happen with politics as usual. the same old, same old will not work. the people of our country understand that given the collapse of the american middle class and given the grotesque level of income and wealth inequality, we are experiencing, we do not need more establishment politics or establishment economics. what we need is a political movement which is prepared to take on the billionaire class and create a government which works for all of us and not just corporate america and a handful of the wealthiest people in this country.... text mr. sanders: in other words, we need a movement that takes on the economic and political establishment, not one which is part of that establishment. we need a movement -- a movement which tells corporate america and the wealthiest people in this country that they will start paying their fair share of taxes. that we will end the vicinity of living in the country when the top .1% owns as much as the bottom 90%. that is not the kind of economy we want. we need a movement which tells wall street that when a bank is too big to fail, that bank is too big to exist and we are going to break them up. we need a financial system that works with small-and medium-sized businesses, not an island of itself only concerned about the profits of a few. we need a movement which works with our trade unions and ends our disastrous trade policies, which have cost us millions of decent-paying jobs. and that includes defeating the tpp. corporate america has got to start investing in our country, not just countries all over the world. we need a movement which says that every worker in this country deserves a living wage, that understands that the current minimum wage of $7.25 an hour is a starvation wage and we will raise that minimum wage over a period of years to 15 bucks an hour. that we are going to end the disgrace of women making $.78 on the dollar compared to men. we are going to have pay equity for women workers. and we are going to end the international embarrassment of being the only, only major country on earth that does not provide at least 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave. we need a movement that says that when real unemployment, including those who have given up looking for work and those who are working part-time, is over 10%, when black youth unemployment is over 50%, that we need a massive federal jobs program to rebuild our public infrastructure. our roads, our bridges, our water systems, our wastewater plants, our airports, our rails are falling further and further behind other countries. we can create millions of jobs rebuilding our infrastructure, and i intend to do that. we need a political grassroots movement which tells the koch brothers and the billionaire class that they will not be able to continue to buy candidates and elections and that we will -- that i have made, and that is that no nominee of mind to the u.s. supreme court will have his or her name go to the senate unless that candidate is loud and clear in saying that one of the first orders of business for that candidate will be to rehear and overturn citizens united. where all americans who want to run for office are able to do so, we need to move toward public funding of elections. and, by the way, together we are going to end this cowardly voter suppression that republican governors are imposing on people all across america. if a politician is too cowardly to face the voters, if a politician needs to think that he must suppress the vote in order to win, that politician should get another job. we need a movement that understands that climate change is real, it is caused by human activity, and that we are going to lead the world in transforming our energy system away from fossil fuels to energy efficiency and sustainable energy. and, brothers and sisters, that means defeating the keystone pipeline. we need a movement that says in a highly competitive global economy that all of our people who have the ability and the qualifications will be able to get a college education regardless of the income of their family. and that is why i have introduced legislation that does two things. first, it makes every public college and university in america tuition free. secondly, it substantially lowers student rates -- lowers interest rates on student that. and we pay for that by imposing a wall street speculation tax.... text bernie! mr. sanders: when wall street collapses because of this greed and illegal behavior, the american people bails them out. now it is their turn to help the middle class of their country. jwe need a political movement which will end for all institutional racism in our country and reform a very, very broken criminal justice system. we must not accept more deaths of on armed blacks like michael brown, walter scott, and too many to name, too many to name. we must not continue being the country in the world with more people in jail than any other. and the people in jail are disproportionately people of color. we must become the country in the world which invests in job and education, not jails and incarceration. and when we talk of bringing our country together, we cannot forget that there are now 11 million people here who are undocumented. we must provide legal protections for them. we must pass comprehensive immigration reform. and we must provide a path for citizenship. and we must be clear that the racist and un-american idea that we are going to somehow round up millions of people in the dead of the night is not what this country is about and it is not going to happen. you are looking at a former congressman who did not believe george w. bush, dick cheney, and don rumsfeld, and voted against the war in iraq. a war which turned out to be one of the worst foreign-policy plunders in the modern history of this country. and you are looking at a senator who will stand with president obama in preventing iran from getting a nuclear weapon, but will do it in a way that prevents war. let me conclude by saying this -- one of the demands of my campaign is that we as a people think big, not small, not accept this right-wing ideology and world view. it is not a question of cutting education by 2% or 4%. we can, if we do not allow them to divide ourselves by race or gender, whether we are gay or straight or born in america were born someplace else, if we stand together, there is nothing that we cannot accomplish. we can live in a country where health care is a right for all people, not a privilege. we can live in a country where when mom and dad go to work, they know their kids have the best-quality child care in the world. we can live in a country where seniors retire in dignity and security and not be forced to choose between their medicine and their food. and that is why i am helping to lead the effort in the senate, not only to oppose the privatization of social security or cuts in social security, but to expand social security benefits. we can live in a nation where our veterans, of men and women who put their lives on the line to defend us, get the quality health care and benefits they have earned and the respect that they are due. brothers and sisters, we can live in a nation where everyone, no matter their race, their religion, their disability, or their sexual orientation, realizes the full promise of equality that is our birthright as americans. this is the country we can build . it is the country we must build. and if we stand together, that is the country we will biuild. thank you very much. caret... textapplause] mr. sanders: how does it happen that there are minority communities all over this country where unemployment is skyhigh? where education is failing the kids? where health care is not acceptable, and were too many of our young men and women instead of getting great jobs, are ending up in jail. together, we're going to change the national priorities of this country.senator sanders: same question. guys, i have to tell you this in all due respect. it's not what the american people want to hear. the american people are working 50, 60 hours a week. their wages are going down. their kids will have the lowest standard of living than they will. i don't want to get into these personal characterizations. let me repeat again, i mean this from the bottom of my heart. i have known secretary clinton for 25 years. this is a distinguished woman who has worked for many, many years. i like secretary clinton. we have differences of opinion on important issues. and those are the kinds of -- kind of campaign that i will wage. dealing with the issues that impact the american people. not making characterizations about my opponent.... text senator sanders: i have been to many small towns in the state of iowa. your point is well taken. we understand that. we have some fairly sophisticated people who know about the process here in iowa. we understand if we get all our votes in certain communities it is not going to do for us what has to be done. we are working hard all over the state of iowa. i think that work will pay off. maybe one or two more questions.... text senator sanders: obama in 2008 ran a campaign which is really going to stay in the history books. it was unbelievable campaign. they ran out of ballots. the turnout was so extraordinary nobody expected it. do i think in this campaign that we are going to match that? i would love to see us do that. i hope we k frankly i don't think we can. what obama did in 2008 was extraordinary. what we are doing, remember we started our ground game here and organization in iowa a lot later than secretary clinton did. she was here in 2008. has an experience that we did not v she's done this once before. we didn't. she has a very strong organization. and i applaud her for that. but i will tell you that in the last couple of months we have gained a whole lot of ground. and again, i think we stand a real chance to create a large voter turnout. i doubt it will be as high as 2008. wish it was. i don't think it will be. i think it will be high enough for us to win here in iowa. thank you-all very much. we are running late. thank you. which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] %%% into a news came out today that senator sanders is blocking president obama's nominee... textsenator sanders: thank you. a lot of people here. thank you. you know, 3.5 months ago, we just began to campaign and everybody says that this campaign was a joke. who believes that the american people are prepared to take on the economic and political establishment of america? tell them is the american people say enough is enough. this country belongs to all of us, not just a handful of billionaires. security. together, we are not going to let them do that. when we have seniors in this country trying to get by on the 12th $13,000 a year. disabled people unable to put enough food on the table. no, we will not cut social security, we will expand social security. on taxable income. in america today, what do we see is the disappearance of the great middle-class. we see millions of our brothers and sisters in iowa, vermont, all over this country, working longer hours for lower wages. people are working to, three jobs in order to put food on the table. meanwhile, almost all of the new income come all of the new wealth is going to the top 1%. that is going to change. we need an economy that works for working people, not a handful of billionaires. let me tell you something about this campaign finance system that we have today. it is a corrupt system. citizens united will go down in history as one of the worst decisions ever made by a supreme court. let me repeat a promise i have made two other crowds, and that is, no nominee of mine through the supreme court will get that position unless he or she pledges to make certain that citizens united is overturned. and when we tried to understand why it is that so many of our family members, friends, neighbors are working at -- are working to or three jobs in order to cobble together an income and some health care, the answer is that wages in our country for many people are much, much too low. and that is why we have got to recognize that a seven dollar and 25 minimum wage is a starvation wage. we have to move to a living wage, $15 an hour. what we understand also is that when we lived in a competitive global economy, we need the best educated workforce possible. it makes no sense to me that we have hundreds of thousands of bright, qualified young people who want to get a higher education and are unable to do so because their family lacks the income. that is wrong. and that is why i have introduced legislation and will fight for, as president of united states, to make sure that every public college and university in america is tuition-free. and we have also got to deal with the disgrace of outrageously high student debt. there are millions of americans, young and not so young, who are paying 7%, 8%, 10% on there's you didn't debt. -- on there's student debt -- their student debt. if you can refinance a home today, you should not be paying 10% on your student debt. the government should also not be profiteering on student debt held by working-class families. and when we talk about raising the minimum wage to a living wage, we have also got to talk about pay equity for women workers. women cannot continue to earn $.78 on the dollar compared to men workers. many of my republican colleagues talk about family values. their values are that a woman should not have the right to control her own body. i disagree. their values are that our gay brothers and sisters should not be able to get married or enjoy all of the benefits of american citizenship. i disagree. but my family values, and i have been married 27 years, i have four kids and seven grandchildren, my family values are that the united states has got to end the international embarrassment of being the only major country on earth that does not guarantee paid family and medical leave. when a woman has a baby in this country, regardless of her income, she should be able to spend three months with that baby getting to know that baby, love that baby, that's a family value. and when we talk about american values, when we talk about where we want to go as a country, i want to end the absurdity of the united states being the only major country on earth that does not guarantee health care to all people as a right. that is why i strongly support a medicare for all single-payer programs. and when we talk about our responsibilities as adults, as parents, as citizens of this earth, we have a moral responsibility to make certain that we leave this planet in a way that is habitable for our kids and our grandchildren. the debate is over. climate change is real, climate change is caused by human activities, climate change is already causing devastating problems in our country and around the world. what the united states must do and i will do as president, is lead the world, working with other countries to transform our energy system. there is donald trump. care to every man, woman, and child as a right of citizenship. it makes no sense to me that despite the gains of the affordable care act, we continue to have 35 million people uninsured and many of you are underinsured, right? high deductibles, high copayments. and yet, after all of that, we end up spending almost twice as much per capita on health care as do the people of any other country. that is wrong, that has got to change. let me close on one issue that i know a lot of people are thinking about. the truth is, that in america, we have made real progress in terms of fighting racism over the years. i want to thank the people of iowa for their courage in voting for obama in 2008. and what you showed is that a state which is mostly white could go beyond the color of a candidate's skin and vote for somebody based on their character and their ideas. thank you, iowa. but anyone who reads the papers, anyone who looks at tv, understands that we still have a long way to go. anyone who has seen the fate of sandra bland or samuel debose understands that it is unacceptable that african-americans can get taken out of their cars, thrown to the ground, assaulted, and thrown into jail and died three days later. that is not what this country is supposed to be about. so you are looking at a candidate who, if elected president, will do everything that he can to end racism and institutional racism in this country and bring about major criminal justice reform. i was a mayor for eight years, and i worked with law enforcement and the truth is, most cops are good. very difficult job, they do the right thing. it's a very hard job. but when a police officer or any other public official breaks the law, that officer must be held accountable. today in america, we have more people in jail than any other country on earth, including china. we have a disproportionate number of people in jail who are black or hispanic. so we have a lot of work to do. number one, i will end this absurdity of having private corporations making billions out of jails. we are going to end this minimum sentencing by which to many people have criminal records. -- too -- too many people have criminal records. and when people go to jail, i want to make sure there is a pathway for them out of jail. if people leave jail without money, jobs, education, housing, mental health issues being dealt with, the likelihood is they are going to end up back in jail and that is pretty crazy. what i want to see, is i want to see us invest heavily in jobs and education, not jail and incarceration. let me just conclude by telling you one thing that no other candidate will tell you. that is, i need your help obviously to win here in iowa and i appreciate the support of so many people. but, if we are going to transform america, if we are going to have a government that represents working families and not large campaign voters, we need a political revolution in this country. we need millions of people to stand up and make it clear to the billionaire class, they cannot have it all. they are going to start paying their fair share of taxes. they are not going to continue to ship out jobs to china and elsewhere. but to make all of that happen, we need a strong, grassroots political movement from vermont to california and significantly here in iowa. so i welcome and urge all of you to join me in helping to make a political revolution which transforms america, which creates a government that works for all of us and not just a handful. thank you all very much.mr. sanders: thank you, wilmington. this afternoon. and let me thank rosemary dawson. -- roasario dawson. part of her life to making sure we end racism, that we end all forms of discrimination and does country -- forms of discrimination in this country. she stood up and fought for people who often don't have a voice. i thank rosario for all she has done on this campaign. let me begin by quoting the words of a guy that many of you know of and some of you know personally and that is the vice president of the united states. sanders and hillary clinton but not between their campaign styles. he will take mr. sanders aspirational approach over mrs. clinton's caution any day. he says i like the idea of saying we can do much more because we can. then he says i don't think any democrat has ever one saying "we can't think that big, we should really downsize here because it's not realistic," he said in a mocking tone. i'm not part of the party who says "well, we can't do it." it is asking the hard questions of why not. why not? if we were a poor country and there are many all over the world, and someone said we should have a great educational system for all of our kids, we should have health care for all of our people, a great infrastructure. if people ways those questions in a poor nation, people would say that's a great idea but we are poor, we can't do that. but let me be clear, you are living today not in a poor country. you are living in the wealthiest country of the history of the world. so we have a right to ask and a right to demand that this country and our government work for all of us in not just the 1%. we have already won 15 states in this nominating process. and with your help on it, we're going to win in delaware. we started this campaign as 3% in the polls, 60 points behind secretary clinton. and last week or two, there are national polls with us in the lead. confounded the x words. we are in this campaign to win and with your help, we will do that. people is to think outside of the box, outside of the status quo. don't accept what the media tells you in terms of the options we have. we can think much bigger, we can create the kind of nation we know the united states can become. we will get small results. american politics, we are telling the truth. want to hear but whether it is in our own personal lives or our political life, we have to confront the reality, not sweep it under the rug, if we want to go forward effectively. so what are the truths that many would prefer to sweep under the road? issue number 1 -- the former chairman of the u.s. senate committee on veterans affairs -- i have spoken to veterans from way back when, people who put their lives on the line to defend our way of life and let me be very clear in telling you i worry very much today about the future of american democracy. i worry about a citizens united supreme court decision that allows billionaires to buy elections. democracy is not a complicated concept. it was one person, one vote, not people with extraordinary wealth disaster is citizens united supreme court decision. when a handful of billionaires like the koch brothers and a few of their friends are prepared to spend $900 million in this campaign cycle, that is not democracy, that is oligarchy and we will not allow that to proceed. i want this country to have a vibrant democracy, i want us to have one of the highest voter turnout rates in the world, not one of the lowest. i want the people in this room in this state in this country who want to be involved in the political process, i want you to be able to run for office without begging wealthy... textmr. sanders: thank you, mr. president. mr. president, i am delighted that pope francis will be addressing a joint session of congress on thursday. the pope has played, in my view, an extraordinary role since he assumed his position in speaking out with courage and brilliance about some of the most important issues facing our world. from the moment he was elected, he immediately let it be known that he would be a different kind of pope, a different kind of religious leader. in choosing his papal name, francis, he said, i quote francis of assisi, for me, he is the man of poverty, a man of peace, a man who loves and protects creation, end of quote. what i wanted to do, mr. president, in a short period of time, is just read some of the very profound and important statements that pope francis has made over the last several years. they are incisive, they are courageous, and they speak to a world in trouble that needs the kind of leadership that he is providing. let me just quote from a number of the statements that he has made. quote -- "while the income of a minority is increasing exponentially, that of the majority is crumbling. this imbalance results from ideologies which uphold the absolute autonomy of markets and financial speculation and thus deny the right of control to states, which are themselves charged with providing for the common good." end of quote. now, obviously, he is not just talking about the united states. he's talking about the global economy. but certainly in our country when he talks about the income of a minority increasing exponentially and that of the majority crumbling, he is, of course, right. what we have right now in our country is the top .1% owning almost as much wealth as the bottom 90%. we have about 58% of all new income being created now going to the top 1%. in the last several years, we have seen the 14 wealthiest people in america increase their wealth by $156 billion, and that increase in wealth is more wealth than is owned by the bottom 40% of the american people. but as the pope points out, this is not by any means just an american issue. this is a global issue, and we are moving toward a period where very shortly the top 1% of the planet, people on our planet will own more wealth than the bottom 99%. to me, this is immoral, this is wrong, this is unsustainable, and i am glad that the pope has raised that issue. and he talks about another issue which is even more profound. one thing to talk about, income in wealth and equality. here he talks about poverty. but here he says, and i quote -- "we have created new idols. the worship of the golden calf of old has found a new and heartless image in the cult of money and the dictatorship of an economy which is faceless and lacking any truly humane goal." end of quote. the worship of the golden calf of old has found a new and heartless image in the cult of money. what does that mean? well, i take it to mean that we are living in a society which turns its back on people who work hard, decent people, people who are good parents but yet we worship those people who for whatever reason sometimes honestly and with creativity, sometimes dishonestly and illegally, but who have become millionaires and billionaires. those are the people that we worship. and the more money that they make, the more they get worshiped. and i think the pope is right in saying that that is not something that we should be doing. and then in another statement, which is certainly relevant for a lot of the discussions we have here on the floor of the senate, he says, and i quote -- "in this context, some people continue to defend trickledown theories which assume that economic growth encouraged by a free market will inevitably succeed in bringing about greater justice and inclusiveness in the world. this opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts, expresses a crude and naive trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power and in the sacrilized workings of the prevailing economic system, and i quote. what is he talking about? well, he is talking about a lot of what has gone on here in this country for many, many decades. there is a theory which the pope is right in saying has never been confirmed by the facts. quite the contrary, that if we give huge tax breaks to billionaires and large corporations, somehow that money will trickle down to the middle class and working class. well, that theory has not proved to be true. under trickledown economics, the rich get richer and virtually everybody else gets poorer, and i think the pope is quite right in making that point. let me quote briefly another quote from the pope. this is what he says, and i quote -- "man is not in charge today. money is in charge. money rules." end of quote. money rules. well, five years ago, the united states supreme court by a 5-4 decision passed a -- the disastrous citizens united decision, which basically said to the wealthiest people in this country, well, you already own much of the economy. now we're going to give you the opportunity to buy the united states government, and that is exactly what they are now attempting to do. money rules. you have one family, the koch brothers, who will spend $900 million in this election cycle to elect candidates who will protect the wealthy and the powerful. that is more money that will be spent by either the democratic or the republican party. when you have one family spending more money than either of the two major political parties, i think it is an example of what the pope is talking about when he says money rules. money does rule, and that is why, in my view, we have got to overturn citizens united and in fact move to public funding of elections so the wealthy and the powerful will not be able to buy elections. then he says something very interesting about the media, and this is what he says -- and i quote -- "these things become the norm, that some homeless people die of cold on the streets is not news. in contrast, a ten-point drop on the stock markets of some cities is a tragedy." end of quote. well, what is news? is he right? we talk about the stock market going up, the stock market going up; it is big news. 45 million americans living in poverty, gee, i don't hear much discussion about that. thousands of people dying every single year because they don't have health insurance and can't get to a doctor when they need, that ain't big news. not big news at all. so i think it is an interesting point about what constitutes news, and i think the pope makes a very good point in that regard. let me give you another quote. quote -- "it is a well-known fact that current levels of production are sufficient, yet millions of people are still suffering and dying of starvation. this, dear friends, is truly scandalous." end of quote. so what the pope is talking about, i think, is that a world where we have enormous productive capability -- industrial, agricultural -- yet, we have a situation where children die of diseases which are preventable, all over the world, where people go hungry all over the world. and yet, as he says, our current levels of production are sufficient. we are producing enough to feed the hungry, to clothe the naked, to provide what people need. and yet, we have an economy which works day after day to make billionaires richer and turns its back on desperate people all over the world. let me just end on this note. today everything comes under the laws of competition and the survival of the fittest. where the powerful feed upon the powerless. as a consequence, masses of people find themselves excluded and marginalized without work, without possibilities, without any means of escape." end of quote. this is certainly true in the united states. it is certainly truer all over the world. we are living in a world of the survival of the fittest. if you are poor, if you are unemployed, if you are hungry, government turns its back on you. but if you are rich and if you are powerful and if you can make campaign contributions of hundreds of millions of dollars, we love you, we welcome you, we need you more and more. so i think during this week where we welcome the pope to washington, d.c., i would hope that some of my colleagues would examine the very profound lessons that he is teaching people all over this world. with that, mr. president, i yield the floor.... textmr. mr. sanders: i ask that the quorum call be vitiated. objection. mr. sanders: madam president, one of the great moral issues of our time is the global crisis of climate change. and let me be very clear about climate change. climate change is not a democratic issue or a progressive issue. it's not a republican issue or a conservative issue. what it is, is an issue that has everything to do with physics. it's an issue of physics. and what we know beyond a shadow of a doubt is that the debate is over and that is that the vast majority of the scientists who have studied the issue are quite clear. and what they tell us over and over again is that climate change is real, climate change is caused by human activity, and climate change is already causing devastating problems throughout our country and, in fact, throughout the world. and what the scientists also tell us is that we have a relatively short window of opportunity to bring about the fundamental changes that we need in our global energy system to transform our energy system from fossil fuel to energy efficiency and sustainable energy. we have a limited window of opportunity, and what the scientists are telling us very clearly is if we do not seize that opportunity, if we do not lead the world working with china, russia, india and other countries in transforming the global energy system, the planet that we leave to our children and our grandchildren will be significantly less habitable than the planet we enjoy. and my nature my nightmare is that 20, 30, 40 years from now, our kids and our grandchildren will look members of the u.s. senate in the eye, u.s. house in the eye and they will say, "the scientists told you what would happen and you did nothing. why did you not react? how hard was it to stand up to the fossil fuel industry and transform our energy system away from coal and oil into energy efficiency and wind, solar, geothermal and other sustainable energies?" pope francis recently made what i thought to be a very profound statement in that he said that our planet is on a suicidal direction. suicidal direction in terms of climate change. what a frightening and horrible thought. how irresponsible can we be to ignore what the entire scientific community is saying? and i know that there are many of my colleagues who refuse to acknowledge the reality, and let me just simply say this, as perhaps the most progressive member of the united states. i have differences with my republican colleagues on virtually every issue. 6that goes without saying. but there is something very different, madam president, about this issue and that is i have been in hearings with my republican colleagues where heard doctors and scientists talk about cancer, about alzheimer's, about diabetes, about all kinds of illnesses and, yeah, i may disagree with my republican colleagues about how we go forward, how much we should fund into the n.i.h., but i've never heard my republican colleagues attack doctors or researchers or scientists for their views on cancer research or alzheimer's research. as i do, they respect that research. but somehow or another, when it comes to the issue of climate change, at best what we're seeing republicans do -- many republicans, most republicans -- is ignore the issue or claim that they're not scientists or, at worst, attack those scientists who are doing the research. now, why is that? why is that? why is it that my republican colleagues accept the research on cancer, on alzheimer's, on all kinds of illnesses, they respect scientists who are working in all kinds of areas. but somehow or another when it comes to the issue of climate change, my republican friends are in denial. and what i will say, madam president is this has nothing to do with science and it has sadly and tragically everything to do with our corrupt campaign finance laws which allow large corporations and billionaires to contribute as much money as they want into the political process. and the reality is, in my view, that any republican -- and i happen to believe that many republicans understand the truth about climate change. but i also believe that any republican who stood up and said, "you know what, i just talked to some scientists or i just read some of the literature. and do you know what? this climate change is reecialg it'sis real,it's dangerous, we've got to do something about it." i believe on that day, when that republican stands up, the money will stop flowing from the fossil fuel industry, from the koch brothers and there will be a strong likelihood that that republican would be primaried in their next election. according to the center for responsive politics, madam president, at the national level, where companies have to report what they spend on lobbying and campaign contributions, the oil companies, coal companies and electric utilities spent a staggering $2.2 billion in federal lobbying since 2009 and another $330 million in federal campaign contributions. that's just at the federal level level. over $2.5 billion in lobbying and campaign contributions in just six years. even in washington, d.c. that is a lot of money and that's just the money we know about. and that is not all of it. that's not the end of it. as a result of the disastrous citizens united supreme court decision, which allowed corporations and billionaires to spend unlimited sums of money, we know that the koch brothers, who make most of their money in the fossil fuel industry, and a handful of their friends will be spending some $900 million -- $900 million -- from one family and a few of their friends in the 2016 election cycle. and clearly one of the reasons that they are investing so much in that -- this election cycle is because they intend to continue doing everything that they can to make sure that congress does not go forward to protect our kids and our grandchildren against the ravages of climate change. further, according to an eight-month investigation by journalists an "inside? "-- "inside climate news," exon -- now exxonmobil -- may have conducted extensive research on climate change as early as 1997, leading top exxon scientists to conclude both that climate change is real and that it was caused in part by the carbon pollution resulting from the use of exxon's petroleum-based products. in addition, the purported internal business memoranda accompanying the reporting asserted that exxon's climate science program was launched in response to a perceived existential threat to its business model. in other words, the scientists at exxonmobil -- who are scientists -- discovered the truth and, upon hearing the truth, what exxonmobil did was to pour millions of dollars into organizations whose main function was to deny the reality of climate change. madam president, the efforts to transform our energy system are taking place not only here in washington, the nation's capital, but at the state and local level as well. in states like arizona and florida, roadblocks are being put up to stop people from gaining access to renewable energy sources like wind and especially rooftop solar. in states likes like arizona and florida, many of our southern states with huge solar exposure, there is huge potential for solar, and yet now you are seeing politicians, at the behest of the fossil fuel industry, put roadblock after roadblock to make it harder for people to move to solar or to wind. madam president, i have heard a lot of the arguments from the fossil fuel industry as to why we should not transform our energy system, and many of those arguments are repeated here on the floor by some of my colleagues. but here is the... textsanders: mr. president? thesenator bernie sanders: i am bernie sanders, and i approved this message. senator. sanders: thank you. whoah, thank you. thank you very much. let me, let me begin by thanking the great new hampshire democratic party, for all that they do for working families in this state. let me thank ray buckley for the great job that he does. and let me say a word to every person in this room, regardless of who you are supporting in this nomination process. i want to congratulate all people here for doing what is a difficult thing to do. that is, to spend considerable amount of time and energy trying to make this country a better place in which to live and work. thank you all. campaign quite far behind. with your help, we have made great progress. and i appreciate all that you have done. workers of america. united nurses, the american postal workers union. for their support. democracy for america, and many other grassroots organizations. our campaign has had a great deal of energy and enthusiasm, and i think -- i think the reasons are pretty obvious. we are talking about the issues that working families and the middle class are concerned about. we are talking about ending a corrupt campaign finance system. not about wall street and billionaires buying elections. american democracy is about one person, one vote. that is what new england is about. if elected president, no nominee of mine to the supreme court will get that position unless he or she is very clear. they will vote to overturn citizens united.looking and murray for their work on about 3:00. i'll have more to report hopefully after the senator from vermont makes his remarks. thank you. the presiding officer: the senator from vermont. mr. sanders: mr. president, one of the amendments that will be offered is an amendment that i have introduced regarding a major crisis in this country that we just don't talk about enough, and that is the frighteningly high rate of youth unemployment in america. mr. president, i am delighted that the elementary and secondary education act is on the floor for debate today, and i want to thank senator alexander and senator murray for their hard and constructive work on this important legislation. ii can tell you that in my state of vermont we have held town meetings on the one hand no child left behind, -- and on no child left behind, and the people of vermont want to leave no child left behind behind. if we go forward on this legislation, i think we will be taking a very important step forward for the children of america. but, mr. president, when we talk about the needs of our young people, it is not just a a dysfunctional child care system that we talk about and the need to make sure that working families all over this country have good-quality, affordable child care; it is not simply that college is increasingly unaffordable for millions of working-class families; it is not just that the united states of america tragically and embarrassingly has the highest rate, by far, of childhood poverty of any major industrialized country on earth -- we talk about the future. we talk about family values. but the truth of the matter is that we have significant significantly ignored the needs of our children, and that is not what a great nation does, not a nation that looks forward to the future. mr. president, this country has got to come to grips with the reality that we have not a high rate of youth unemployment but a tragically high rate of youth unemployment in this country. this is an issue that we don't discuss. it is literally swept under the rug. we have got to bring it out in the open. we've got to discuss it, and we have got to address this issue. mr. president, last month the economic policy institute released a new study about the level of youth unemployment in this country. this study took a close look at census data on unemployment among young people between 17 and 20 who are jobless, those who are working part-time when they need a full-time job, and those who have given up looking for work altogether. the results of this study should concern everybody in our country and every member of the united states congress. and, by the way, i have mentioned these facts in the past. "politifact," who seems to check every statement that i make, check ited it out and said, these facts are basically accurate. here's what the economic policy institute found. from april of 2014 to march of 2015, the average real unemployment rate for young white high school graduates between the ages of 17 and 20 was 33.8%. high school graduates, high school dropouts, white --, 17 to 20, 33.8%. the jobless figures for hispanic kids in the same age group was 36.1%. and incredibleably, the average real unemployment rate for african-american high school graduates was 51.3%. high school graduates or dropouts between the age of 17 and 20, african-american, over 50% unemployed or underemployed. mr. president, today in america over 5.5 million young people have either dropped out of high school or have graduated high school and do not have jobs. it is no great secret -- not to any parent, not to any member of the senate -- that when kids are not in school, when kids have no jobs, that is when kids get into trouble, when they get into drugs, when they get into self-destructive activity. and the results of kids not being in school, kids not having jobs is that tragically today we in this country have more people in jail than any other country on earth, including china, a communist authortarian quun with a -- authoritarian country with a population four fipples times our size. we have more people in jail than china does. incredibly, over 3% of our country's population is under some form of correctional control. according to the naacp, from 1980 to 2012, the number of people incarcerated in america quadrupled -- quadrupled -- from roughly 500,000 to 2.2 million people. a january 2014 study published in the journal "crime and delinquency" found that almost half of black males in the united states are arrested by the age of 23. that is an unbelievable statistic and a tragic statistic. and if this current trend continues, one in four black males born today can expect to spend time in prison during his lifetime. what a tragedy this is. we cannot ignore it. we have got to deal with this reality. but this crisis is not just a destruction of human life and of potential, it is also very, very costly to the taxpayers of our country. in america we now spend nearly $200 billion on public safety, including $70 billion on correctional facilities, each and every year. mr. president, it is beyond comprehension that we as a nation have not focused attention on the fact that millions of young people are unable to find work and begin their careers in a productive economy. that's what young people want to do. they want to get out, they want to get a job, they want to earn some money, they want to become independent from their parents, they want to become a crier -- a career ladder. but for millions of these young people, that is not taking place today. and let me be as clear as i can be, and that is, it makes a lot more sense for us to invest in jobs and education than more and more incarceration and more and more jails. the time is long overdue for us to start investing in our young people, to help them get the jobs that they need, to help them get the education that they need. this is not only saving human life, it is saving dollars. it is a very expensive proposition to put people into jail. and many of the people who go to jail come out of jail, they go back to jail. they don't get jobs, they don't pay taxes. the their lives are destroyed. their families are destroyed, and it is high time we understood that. we've got to invest in jobs. we've got to invest in education education, not more jails, not more incarceration. mr. president, i have offered an amendment which will be voted upon either today or tomorrow which is pretty simple and pretty straightforward. it stays to us, now is the time to keep kids out of jail, to get them jobs, to get them education. this amendment would simply provide $5.5 million in immediate funding to states and cities throughout the country to create one million jobs for young americans between the ages of 16 and 24. this amendment would also provide job opportunities for hundreds of thousands of young adults. the frankly, this amendment doesn't go far enough. but it is an important start in trying to save the lives of countless numbers of young people who, if we do not address their needs, are going to end up in jail with destroyed lives. specifically, under this amendment, the u.s. department of labor would provide $4 billion in grants to states and local governments to provide summer and year-round employment opportunities for economically disadvantaged youth with direct links to academic and occupational learning. this amendment would also make sure that young americans have access to transportation and child care services they may need in order to participate in job opportunities all over this country. this amendment would also provide $1.5 billion in competitive grants to local areas to provide work-based job training to low- and moderate-income youth and disadvantaged young adults. mr. president, i would hope very much that we could have bipartisan support for this amendment. because what we are talking about is not just saving countless numbers of lives, not just saving taxpayers substantial sums of money; because it is much more cost-effective to invest in kids so they have productive lives rather than seeing them go into jail and into jail and into jail and see their families being destroyed. it is high time we addressed this issue. this amendment is an important first step, and i look forward to seeing bipartisan support for it.... textmr. sanders:mr. sanders: i thank the gentleman. if you could extend that up to 20 minutes, that would be great. mr. mr. sanders: mr. president, i would ask that the quorum